Open Access Case study

Topographical and Physical Assessment for Cage Aquaculture Suitability Survey in Inland

A. M. Danjuma, H. A. Aliyu, R. S. Umar, K. Abubakar

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 10-19
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v11i130254

This research was aimed to assess the suitability of Kijjude and Kala bays on Lake Victoria in Kalangala District for cage aquaculture. This study used a quasi-experiment research design. General environmental and physical data were collected and used to assess suitability of Kijjude and Kala bays for suitability for cage aquaculture by comparing the various measured parameters with the acceptable standards for cage aquaculture. Data were taken from a total of 14 and 6 points within Kijjude and Kala bays respectively. Systematic random sampling was used to determine the above mentioned sampling points. Kala bay was found to be suitable for both High Volume Low Density (HVLD) and Low Volume High Density (LVHD) cage. All sampled points within Kijjude bay were found to be only suitable for Low Volume High Density (LVHD) cage aquaculture except site KA whose depth was found to be less than 4.0 (m).

Open Access Original Research Article

Evaluation of Aluminium Phosphide Induced Testicular Toxicity in Wistar Rat: The Role of Allium sativum

E. U. Eric, N. M. Eseimo, V. F. Josiah

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v11i130252

Objectives: To investigate the ameliorative effect of garlic extract on Aluminum Phosphide induced toxicity on the testes of adult Wistar rats.

Materials: Thirty (30) male adult Wistar rats weighing 150±20 g – 200±20 g were purchased from Dantom Farms, Swali, Bayelsa State and moved to the animal house of the department of Medical Laboratory Science, Niger Delta University. The animals were assigned into six (6) major groups with five (5) animals in each group after the period of acclimatization:  Animals in Group A (Control): received pelleted growers mash (feed) and water. Group B (Positive Control received 0.014 mg of Aluminum Phosphide only. Group C: received 0.014 mg of Aluminum Phosphide and 250g of garlic extract. Group D: received 0.014 mg of Aluminum Phosphide and 500 mg of garlic extract. Group E: received 500 mg of garlic extract, Group F: received 0.6 ml of oil at the end of the treatment, testes of each sacrificed rat was processed for paraffin sectioning and stained with Harris hematoxylin and eosin.

Results: Photomicrograph of testesfor animals in Groups B, C and D shows scanty spermatid which is as a result of spermatogenic arrest, thin basement membrane, abnormal structure of the spermatids and hypertrophy of the seminiferous tubules with diameter of 6.1 cm and 4.5 cm respectively, while animals in Group A,E,F shows a normal histology of the testis with the following features; circular and oval profile, closely packed and uniformly spaced with lumen containing numerous  spermatids, with the diameter of seminiferous tubules measuring 2.4 cm – 3 cm.

Conclusion: The present study proves that the oral ingestion of Aluminum Phosphide induces hypertrophyin the testes of rats. However it also shows that the use of garlic (Allium sativum) at various concentrations (250 mg/l and 500 mg/l) has a mild ameliorative role on aluminum phosphide-induced testicular toxicity.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Affecting Productivity and Marketing Channel of Household Level Dairy Farming, Bangladesh

Sabyasachi Chanda Antor, Asif Mahmud, Kanon Das, Sufianur Rahman, Tauhidul Islam

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 25-32
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v11i130256

Aims: This study was conducted to explore the factors affecting dairy production and marketing value chain, value addition at a Household level in Mollahat upazila of Bagerhat District, Bangladesh.

Methodology: For the implication of the study cluster sampling technique was used and data was collected from 80 dairy households. A Cobb-Douglas production function was used to identify the factors affecting dairy production and marketing margin was used to measure value addition as well as deriving marketing channel.

Results: Marketing Channel of dairy farming showed that 50% of milk were channeled through by farmer-milkman-sweetshop-consumer and only 10% of milk directly channeled in both directly local market and home delivery. By analyzing data, the study got human labor, utilities, medicine have a positive correlation with milk yield of the milk cow. But it was found that straw and green grass have a negative correlation with the milk yield of the cow due to excessive use of it. The main observation was that all of the resources were not fully utilized by those households.

Conclusion: Despite being smallholder and subsistence, if the farmers increase the amount of resource use in dairy rearing then milk production will be increased and the smallholder’s socio-economic conditions will be better.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors in Adherence to Antihypertensive Regimen in Imo State South Eastern Nigeria

Dozie, Winnie Ugonma, Akinyele Oluwadara Ozavize, Ezelote Judith Chinelo, Okorie Onyinye Mary, Ikechukwu Nosike Simplicius Dozie

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 33-41
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v11i130257

Aim: To determine the level of adherence and identify factors that prevent adherence to antihypertensive treatment.

Study Design: The study employed the survey method.

Methods: Descriptive study was employed and a simple random sampling were used to collect data from 200 randomly consenting respondents.

Results: Results showed that the majority of the respondents (65.0%) were females, a large proportion (48.5%) were in the age bracket of 51 – 60 years, the majority (93.5%) were educated and 45.5% were civil servants. A majority (57.5%) of the respondents agreed that lack of income family support was a factor that could lead to non-adherence and only 40% adhered strictly to the doctor’s prescription.

Conclusion: Based on the findings, the level of adherence to antihypertensive regimen among the respondents is satisfactory. However, several factors hindered their adherence to medication among which were financial stress, access to drugs and availability of health facilities. It is therefore recommended that the cost of medication be subsidized and health facilities brought closer to people to enhance adherence to regimen.

Open Access Review Article

Fastest Growing Waste: E-waste

Riya Singh, Shadman Ahmed Khan, Shadab Siddiqui

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 20-24
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v11i130255

Electrical and electronic waste commonly known as e-waste is now one of the world's major concerns. Industries have been so diligent and successful in recent years. The sales and trend of electronic goods have increased rapidly in the world. But with the increase in the manufacturing of electrical and electronic goods and their trend, the result has been somehow leading us to the concern of e-waste. The obsolescence of electrical and electronics goods has become a huge drawback in the field technology because it is measured that various techniques have been used to solve this issue regarding the e-waste produced by industries but none of the solutions to recycle was very effective in the favors of nature and biodiversity. This research paper aims to particularize highlight and determine, the major concern, the effect of e-waste on environment and health.