Open Access Short Research Article

Broiler Value Chain: Socioeconomic Plan for Commercial Broiler Farm in Jordan

Zainab Alhammd

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 36-42
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v10i230240

The broiler farm will be established in Bereen which is located in Zarqa Governorate and it is far away about 17 km from the capital Amman. Nearness of the farm to the city make  easy access to market for the purchase of day old chicks, farm inputs (feed, etc.) and selling of broilers.

The farm is distant from the community, has good infrastructure such as roads, electricity and water.

With a vision to be a unique model for poultry production. The Mission of this study is to satisfy customers with consistent quality poultry products and services. Profitability and growth will be achieved through efficient production, human animal treatment and employee development in a safe and supportive work environment. Through making a substantial contribution to the economic and social development of the region through employment, supply quality and safety broiler meat in the region, making profitable enterprise to earn a good income.

The controlled poultry farm is a project of livestock sector, the purpose of the controlled poultry farm is to provide all the facilities ranging from automatic operations of temperature control, feeding and nipple drinking system for the broiler birds, monitored by the concerned & technical staff. Broiler farming in a controlled environment is a profitable venture due to continuously increasing demand of the white meat in the market. Poultry is an important sub-sector of agriculture that has contributed enormously to food production by playing a vital role in the domestic economy. The initial cost of the project is including of initial working capital of 417,797 JD, revenue and NR with a mortality rate not more than 5% is 29038 JD, the innovation in this project is a biogas unit to reach sustainability goals.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Job Behavior of Agricultural Extension Workers: A Case Study of SAFE Programme Beneficiaries in North-Western Nigeria

S. Hamisu, S. Umar, O. Oladosu, Isma’il, Ayuba, Gona

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v10i230236

The study assessed job behavior of SAFE programme beneficiaries in North-Western Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was adopted in selecting 73 SAFE beneficiaries’ employers (sample sizes).Primary data was collected using a structured questionnaire and all the administered questionnaires were returned and found useful for the study. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (paired sample t-test). The study reveals that SAFE beneficiaries’ have rated high in job behavior indicators as a result of SAFE programme (such as desired for new knowledge, explicitness, foresightedness, sympathetic attitude, service attitude, attractive personality, enthusiasm and honesty). The study further confirmed significant differences on job behavioral change of SAFE beneficiaries’ before and after SAFE participation using paired sample t-test. The study concludes that SAFE programme had positively influenced job behavioral change of the agricultural extension workers. In line with this finding, the study recommends that the SAFE programme curriculabe adopted into the conventional or traditional agricultural degree programme across the Nigerian Universities.

Open Access Original Research Article

Microscopical Characters, Heavy Metals Level and Histopathological Effects of Lawsonia inermis L. Leaves in Female Mice

Hanin N. Mughrbi, Surur A. Ahmed, Sakina S. Saadawi, Mukhtar R. Haman, Laila A. Ghashout, Elsayed R. Elattar

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 8-15
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v10i230237

Aims: The study is intended to compare the freshly collected henna (Lawsonia inermis L.) and the market henna in term of microscopical key elements and heavy metals contamination.  Moreover, this study is aimed to investigate the effect of henna and its oily additives on kidney histology in female mice.

Study Design: Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Tripoli and Animals House, Biotechnology Research Center in 2010.

Methodology: The powders of collected and market henna have been subjected to a microscopical study with magnification of 5x then 40 x to investigate the henna key elements, which are calcium oxalate clusters, anomocytic stomata, starch grains and fibers. Three elements: arsenic (As), mercury (Hg) and lead (Pd) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAs) for the collected and market henna. For histopathological study, an aqueous extracts of L. inermis leaves and L. inermis leaves-oils were prepared by maceration. Eighteen female Albino Wister mice (3-4-months, 20-25 gm) were injected with the prepared extracts subcutaneously by dose 50 ml/kg/day for 5 days. Kidneys were collected and subjected to histopathological study.

Results: From this study, the microscopical investigation exhibited the presence of some elements which are never mentioned as the henna key elements. Both market and collected henna were contaminated with a high level of heavy metals specially lead (Pd). The histopathological findings implied that there are many histological changes on the kidney tissues such as aggregation of round cells and congestion of blood vessels.

Conclusion: The market henna might be adulterated with other types of plant. The presence of a high concentration of lead (Pd) in the collected henna as well as the market henna might be considered as the cause of some L. inermis adverse effects. L. inermis leaves and L. inermis leaves-oils aqueous extracts implied many abnormalities in the kidney tissues.

Open Access Original Research Article

Aspects of Modern Systemic Approach (I): Beyond the Dynamic Systems Definition, Structure and Properties

Bogdan Cioruța, Mirela Coman, Alexandru Lauran

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 16-27
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v10i230238

General Systems Theory, as well as Systems Theory - as integrated part of the first one, are still under the scrutiny of researchers, either through the interest shown for micro-systems or for macro-systems, as derivatives of the system.

In accordance with the research undertaken in either of the two ends of the reference range for the system - as a fundamental element of systems theory, our concerns are to familiarize the reader with the diversity of concepts and develpoment stages specific to the two areas of interest - General Systems Theory and Systems Theory. Also, as the objective of the present study, an attempt was made to bring to the fore some definitions and conceputal characterization, respectively with the structure and properties of different system types. At the same tine, are underlined different systemic approaches and representations, along with the position of Systemology in relation to the General Systems Theory and Systems Theory.

Open Access Original Research Article

Studies on Environmental Status of Bagali Tank Near Harpanahalli, Bellary District, Karnataka (India)

M. Ravikumar, B. Vijaya, S. Manjappa, B. Suresh

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 28-35
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v10i230239

Bagali tank is a perennial artificial water body situated 10 kms away from Harapanahalli to north-eastern region. The area of the tank is 146.2 hectares and depth is about 30 feet. The water body is irregular in shape. It is located at 14.842°N latitude and 75.989°E longitude. Rainwater, sewage and seepage from hilly regions is the main source of water to this tank. The water is used for agricultural practices and domestic activities. Due to anthropogenic activities, rapid industrial growth, domestic and agricultural activities of the region, the tank water is being polluted, which is the case with almost all major tanks of the region and also in India. A yearlong study was conducted to measure various physico-chemical and bacteriological parameters including levels of phytoplankton in the tank. The study revealed that there is indication of pollution in the Bagali Tank and hence preventive measures are required to avoid further deterioration of the tank water quality.