Open Access Original Research Article

Relationship Analysis between Production Factors with Business Production of Beef Cattle Livestock in Binjai Barat District, Indonesia

Julia Marisa, Sukma Aditya Sitepu

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v9i130208

Appropriate and efficient management of production factors will affect the income of beef cattle farmers. This study aims to analyze the relationship between the scale of business, breed, feed, medicine and labor with the production of the beef cattle business in West Binjai District. This type of research is quantitative descriptive research. The population in this study were all beef cattle farmers to raise fattening. A survey of 37 farmers conducted the data collection method. The data used in this study include primary data and secondary data. The analytical method used is Chi-Square analysis using SPSS 18.0 software. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between the size of the business area, that there was a significant relationship between the scale of business, breed, feed, medicine and labor with the production of the beef cattle business in Binjai Barat District. With the closeness of the relationship between the scale of business and breedings with the production of 92.1% and the closeness of the relationship between medicine and feed with a production of 88.9% and the close relationship of labor with the production of 73.4%.

Open Access Original Research Article

Head CT Dose Examination for Adult Patient in Abuja and Keffi, Hospitals in Nigerian

U. Rilwan, G. C. Onuchukwu, H. A. Abdullahi, I. Umar, L.K. Sabiu

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 8-13
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v9i130209

This study has established local diagnostic reference levels (LDRLs). Dose report and scan parameters for the head was assessed during seven months at the three study centres. Data on CT Dose index (CTDIw) and dose length product (DLP) available and achieved on CT scanner control console was recorded for a minimum of 10 average-sized patients for each facility to establish a local Diagnostic reference level (LDRLs) and radiation dose optimization Data was collected using a purposive sampling technique, from 131 adult patients weighing 70±3kg) from Philip brilliance, Toshiba Alexion and General Electric (GE) CT scanners for this study. The collected data were analyzed using SPPSS version (20) statistical software. Third quartile values of the estimated LDRLs for CTDIw and DLP was determined as 49.8 mGy and 9639 mGy. The mean CTDIw obtained are lower to the reported data from the European Commission of 60mGy. The mean DLP are comparably lower than all the reported value from the European commission of 1050 mGy. Therefore, CT dose optimization is recommended.

Open Access Original Research Article

Perception of Sawmill Workers towards Occupational Health and Safety at Linden/Soesdyke Highway, Guyana

Cecil Boston, Rajini Kurup, Saliqa Zaman

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 14-22
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v9i130211

Aims: Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) is very important for sawmills just like any other occupation. Therefore, this study aims to assess the measures taken by sawmills to ensure safety is maintained at the workplace and to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) exhibited by woodworkers.

Methodology: Using observation checklists and questionnaires, a cross-sectional survey design was used for the study. A total of 8 sawmills located on the Linden/Soesdyke Highway and 84 woodworkers were included in the study. Descriptive statistics were used to present the results. Analysis was done is SPSS software.

Results and Discussion: A total of 37.5% of sawmill workers scored above average. Workers showed inadequate knowledge, negative attitude and poor practice towards OSH as the overall mean scores for these were found to be 71%, 71.5% and 61.4% respectively. These were below the cut-off level (75%). There was a significant linear correlation between knowledge, attitude and practice.

Conclusion: It was concluded that employers need to put extra effort in providing workers with safety education and personal protective equipment’s (PPE). Education programs and training sessions need to be put in place as adequate knowledge results in positive attitude which results in good practice.

Open Access Original Research Article

Closed Formulas for the Sums of Squares of Generalized Fibonacci Numbers

Y¨ uksel Soykan

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 23-39
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v9i130212

In this paper, closed forms of the sum formulas for the squares of generalized Fibonacci numbers are presented. As special cases, we give summation formulas of Fibonacci, Lucas, Pell, Pell-Lucas, Jacobsthal and Jacobsthal-Lucas numbers. We present the proofs to indicate how these formulas,in general, were discovered. Of course, all the listed formulas may be proved by induction, but that method of proof gives no clue about their discovery. Our work generalize second order recurrence relations.

Open Access Original Research Article

Urbanization and Its Effects on Housing for the Urban Poor in Uyo Metropolis, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

C. H. Wizor, E. N. Le-ol Anthony

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 40-54
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v9i130213

Urbanization and its effect on housing for the urban poor cannot be over-emphasized particularly in the cities of the global south. The meaning that is attributed to such terms as ‘urbanization’ and ‘urban poor housing’ is frequently wide ranging and not precisely defined. Nevertheless, urban poor housing and urbanization are topical issues at local, regional and international levels which attracts the attention of policy makers and professionals. This study therefore, investigated urbanization and its effects on housing for the urban poor in Uyo metropolis, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. It adopted a cross-sectional research design, which involves the administration of the research questionnaire to the selected respondents in the study area. The responses of the respondents were analyzed using a descriptive statistical tool. The result of the investigation revealed that the majority of the apartments occupied by the urban poor in Uyo metropolis are mostly single rooms and self-contained which are mostly overcrowded. Many of the houses occupied by the urban poor do not have kitchen, toilet, and bathroom in them. Urban poor in the study area are mostly faced with problems of dirty environment, poor power supply, insecurity and lack of basic social amenities. The respondents affirmed that the houses are overcrowded while the nature of crime faced by the urban poor in the study area includes kidnapping (8.5%), pickpocket (22.4%) robbery (46.1%) and rape (23.1%) respectively. The study therefore, recommended amongst others, the provision of basic infrastructures such as electricity, good roads, educational institutions, pipe-borne water, etc. in the urban poor neigbourhoods, rehabilitating of the urban poor neighbourhoods through urban renewal strategies and reducing of the accessibility gap to urban facilities and services between the urban poor and other residents of the city. The study further recommends the utilization of sustainable strategies by the government of Akwa Ibom State to reduce the high rate of rural-urban migration noticed in the study area and the systematic overhauling of the security architecture in Uyo metropolis.