Assessment of Better Prediction of Seasonal Rainfall by Climate Predictability Tool Using Global Sea Surface Temperature in Bangladesh
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports,
This study was conducted to determine better prediction result of seasonal rainfall. To evaluate the better prediction of seasonal rainfall of rainy season (15 June-15 August) by Climate Predictability Tools (CPT) in the context of using sea surface temperature (SST) of starting month of rainy season compare to using SST of one month before the rainy season. The study was carried out at the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Meteorological Research Centre, Dhaka; Bangladesh between January and December, 2010. A correlation between rainfall at Rangpur, Dhaka, Barisal and Sylhet and global SST of different areas of the world was studied by using the both data of 1975- 2008 years with the help of the CPT to find more positive correlated SST with observed rainfall and use as predictor for giving the prediction of the year 2009. The statistical method applied using CPT which is canonical correlation analysis. Using SST of one month before rainy season as predictor, the positive deviation of predicted rainfall from observed rainfall was 1.34 mm/day at Sylhet and 0.9 mm/day at Dhaka. The negative deviation of mean rainfall was 1.16 mm/day at Rangpur and 1.10 mm/day at Barisal. Again, using of starting one month SST of rainy season as predictor, positive deviation of predicted rainfall from observed rainfall was 4.03 mm/day at Sylhet. The positive deviation of daily mean rainfall was found 6.58 mm/day at Dhaka and 6.23 mm/day over southern Bangladesh. The study reveals that SST of one month before rainy season was better predictor than SST of starting month of rainy season.