Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Better Prediction of Seasonal Rainfall by Climate Predictability Tool Using Global Sea Surface Temperature in Bangladesh

Md. Zakaria Hossain, Md. Abul Kalam Azad, Samarendra Karmakar, Md. Nazrul Islam Mondal, Mohan Das, Md. Mizanur Rahman, Md. Abdul Haque

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v4i430116

This study was conducted to determine better prediction result of seasonal rainfall. To evaluate the better prediction of seasonal rainfall of rainy season (15 June-15 August) by Climate Predictability Tools (CPT) in the context of using sea surface temperature (SST) of starting month of rainy season compare to using SST of one month before the rainy season. The study was carried out at the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Meteorological Research Centre, Dhaka; Bangladesh between January and December, 2010. A correlation between rainfall at Rangpur, Dhaka, Barisal and Sylhet and global SST of different areas of the world was studied by using the both data of 1975- 2008 years with the help of the CPT to find more positive correlated SST with observed rainfall and use as predictor for giving the prediction of the year 2009. The statistical method applied using CPT which is canonical correlation analysis. Using SST of one month before rainy season as predictor, the positive deviation of predicted rainfall from observed rainfall was 1.34 mm/day at Sylhet and 0.9 mm/day at Dhaka. The negative deviation of mean rainfall was 1.16 mm/day at Rangpur and 1.10 mm/day at Barisal. Again, using of starting one month SST of rainy season as predictor, positive deviation of predicted rainfall from observed rainfall was 4.03 mm/day at Sylhet. The positive deviation of daily mean rainfall was found 6.58 mm/day at Dhaka and 6.23 mm/day over southern Bangladesh. The study reveals that SST of one month before rainy season was better predictor than SST of starting month of rainy season.

Open Access Original Research Article

Product Innovation as a Panacea to Manufacturing Organization Performance: Evidence from Nigerian Breweries Plc

I. O. Ladokun

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v4i430117

Innovation is widely regarded as one of the most important sources of sustainable competitive advantage in an increasingly changing environment. However, many Nigerian manufacturing industries do not invest so many resources on the utilization of modern technologies, as this makes for the decline in the designing and development of new products.  This study examined the effect of product innovation on the performance of manufacturing sector with particular reference to Nigerian Breweries Plc. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 70 respondents from various departments. Structured questionnaire was employed to collect the data, while weighted mean score, chi-square and analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. Result revealed that product innovation has significant effect on sales volume. Findings also indicated that positive relationship exist between product innovations, customer satisfaction, changes in consumer taste and preference. The study therefore concluded that product innovation is an alternative paradigm to organizational performance in a global competitive environment. Subsequently, the study recommended that management of manufacturing organizations should leverage on product innovation, as this type of innovation is found to be important instrument for achieving sustainable competitive power.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Charcoal and NPK Fertilizer on the Yield of Two Peppers (Capsicum annuum L.) Varieties: Jalapeno and Local

James Flomo Gaydaybu, Lamin K. M. Fatty, Francis Gbelee, Philips G. S. Ndaloma, J. Gayflor B. Argba

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v4i430118

This research was conducted to analyze the effects of charcoal + NPK (charcoal combines with NPK) fertilizer on the yield of two pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) varieties: Jalapeno and Local. This research considered four treatment levels: control = no treatment, charcoal = 450 g plot-1, NPK = 112.5 g plot-1 and charcoal + NPK combination. The experimental plot size was 1.5 square meter. Treatments were replicated 8 times. Data collected on yield parameters were: Number of pods, pod weight, pod length and pod diameter. Data collections were done for three consecutive months. Data analyzed indicated that Local pepper performed better than Jalapeno for all treatments. The charcoal + NPK treated plots performed best than other treatments. For the Local pepper number of pods, charcoal + NPK applied plots had a mean of 16.79 million pods ha-1, NPK applied plots had a mean of 12.69 million pods ha-1, charcoal applied plots also had a mean of 7.20 million pods ha-1 while the control plots had a mean of 6.76 million pods ha-1 as an average means of pods harvested for the 3 months. For the Jalapeno pod weight, charcoal + NPK had a mean of 1.85 ton ha-1, NPK had 1.58 ton ha-1 as a mean, charcoal also had a mean of 1.05 ton ha-1 while the Control plots had 0.85 ton ha-1 as a mean for total pod weight.

Open Access Original Research Article

Evaluation of Concentration of Copper, Lead, and Zinc in Different Brands of Cigarette Sold in Keffi Main Market of Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Idris Yahaya, Abdullahi A. Mundi, Idris M. Mustapha, Jibrin Isah, Musa Mohammed

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v4i430119

Background: Tobacco smoking is one source of heavy metals exposure in the general population. Tobacco smoke has toxic, genotoxic, and carcinogenic properties and has been linked to fatal pregnancy outcomes.

Aim: This research was carried out to investigate the concentration of Copper (Cu), lead (Pb) and Zinc (Zn) in different cigarette brands sold in Keffi main market of Nasarawa state and compare with recommended standard.

Study Design: To determine the presence of heavy metals in different brands of cigarette sold in Keffi main Market, Nasarawa State, Nigeria and compare them with relevant authorities’ standard.

Place and Duration: The study was carried out in the department of physics, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria between March 2018 and November, 2018.

Materials and Methods: Ten brands of cigarette were purchased from Keffi main central market using random sampling. The cigarettes were expose to sun light for 3 hours until they became dry. The filters and papers of the cigarettes were removed after drying and the tobacco content were pulverized using agate mortar and pestle. The processed samples were packaged in a well labelled polyethylene bag. A total of ten samples (one sample per brand) were analyzed using XRF spectrometry.

Results: The range of Cu, Pd, and Zn concentration in ten brands of cigarette were (14.30 to 64.30 mg/kg), (5.43 to 10.55mg/kg), and (12.05 to 160.45 mg/kg) respectively. The brand with the highest concentration of Cu, Pb, and Zn are St. moriz (160.45 mg/kg), London (10.55 mg/kg) and Benson (64.30 mg/kg) respectively, while the lowest concentration found in Bohem (12.05 mg/kg), Excel (5.43 mg/kg), and Yes (14.30 mg/kg) respectively.

Conclusion: The concentration of Cu, Pd, and Zn are high in most of the cigarette brands. Concentration of Pb are above the recommended limit reported in the United Kingdom (1.35mg/kg) and Korea (0.74 mg/kg). Concentration Cu and Zn are also high in the cigarette brands.

Open Access Original Research Article

Implementation of International Financial Reporting Standard as a Tool for the Performance of Nigerian Insurance Companies

J. C. Unachukwu

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v4i430120

Implementation of international financial reporting standard (IFRS) in terms of quality financial reporting, information disclosure pattern, transparency, auditing, reporting standards, regulatory control and flexibility, corporate governance, and financial scandals have an influence on organizational performance. This study sought to investigate the influence of implementation of IFRS on organizational performance with specific reference to the Nigerian insurance industry. Purposive sampling method was used to select the accountants and auditors of twenty- nine (29) insurance companies listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) market, totaling 58 respondents. The data collection instruments for the study were structured questionnaires designed for the study.  Data analysis was performed with the aid of descriptive statistical tools such as frequencies, percentages and mean, and inferential statistical tools such as Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) method of estimation. The finding revealed that there is a strong relationship between financial performance and implementation of IFRS. The finding also indicated that implementation of IFRS has a significant influence on investment decision making. This connotes that the implementation of IFRS is a veritable tool to financial performance of Nigerian insurance companies. Subsequently, the study recommended that the management of insurance companies should embrace International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) with immediate effect so that the sector can attract both local and foreign investors. Also, National Insurance Commission (NAICOM) should sanction any insurance company fails to implement IFRS on or before the year 2020.