Open Access Original Research Article

Domestication and Survival of Selected Medicinal Trees and Shrubs in Chapereria Division West Pokot County Kenya

Peris Nyambura Maina, Ms Brexidis Mandila

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-17
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v3i230082

Depletion of medicinal plant species as a result of over over-extraction in their natural habitats will have detrimental effects on the livelihood of the locals that herbal medicine is part and parcel of their health systems. Though domestication is the best strategy to conserve medicinal tree and shrub species, most medicinal trees and shrubs have remained undomesticated due to low survival rates and inadequate information on the best strategies to improve survival rates. This study was designated to determine the domestication level and survival rates of selected medicinal tree and shrub species in the semi-arid regions of Chepareria division. A cross-sectional research design was employed in this study. Chepareria division was purposely selected. 384 households were selected using systematic random sampling technique. A pre-designed data collection sheet was used to collect the information on medicinal plant species and photographs were taken where necessary during data collection. The study indicated that there were 25 medicinal tree and/or shrubs in Chepareria division. It was also found that 91.7% households had domesticated trees on their farms with Croton megalocarpus (71.3%) being the highly domesticated tree while Myrsine afriana was the least (0.9%) prevalent medicinal tree in the area. Further analysis using Chi-Square (χ2) test of fitness indicated that there were significant differences in the number of households that have domesticated different medicinal trees and/or shrub species in Chepareria division (P <.0001). The indicated that the various medicinal trees and/or shrubs had different survival rates in the area. The mean survival rates of Aloe graminicola (62.6%), Croton macrostachyus (69.8%) Vernonia amygdalina (69.3%) and Croton megalocarpus (72.7%) are significantly higher while the survival rates of Tamarindus indica (12.0%), Myrsine afriana (6.6%), Dalbergia vaccinifolia (9. 4%) and Commiphoraboi viniana (7.2%) are significantly lower. Chapareria to increase the domestication and survival rate of trees/shrubs.

Open Access Original Research Article

Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profile of Coliforms from Bovine Mastitis Cases among Pastoral Herds in Parts of Kaduna State, Nigeria: Curbing the Environmental Health Risk

D. Makolo, A. B. Suleiman, O. S. Olonitola, M. Bello, M. I. Alfa, I. Ahmadu, F. O. Awulu

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v3i230084

Consumption of raw milk from pastoral bovines have been identified as a major source of public and environmental health risk in developing countries. Antimicrobial resistance is a global health challenge threatening the lives of humans and animals. The indiscriminate use of antimicrobial agents among the pastoralists on commercial animals, especially for non-therapeutic purposes has been linked to the development of resistant strains of potentially pathogenic bacteria which are being transferred from animals to humans. This study investigated the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of coliform bacteria isolated from mastitis milk of pastoral herds. Out of 147 milk samples collected and screened for subclinical mastitis, 29 (19.7%) were positive. Out of the 29 mastitis positive samples, 13 (8.8%) were positive for coliforms (6 E. coli and 7 K. pneumoniae). All the coliform isolates showed 100% resistance to Penicillin and Tetracycline, and were all 100% susceptible to Imipenem. High multidrug resistance was expressed by all the isolates to Penicillin, Tetracycline and Erythromycin. All the isolates (100%) had Multiple Antibiotic Resistance Index (MARI) of 0.2 and above which is an indication of gross abuse of antibiotics within the studied population. However, antibiotics still effective against the coliform species tested were Imipenem (100%), Ciprofloxacin (92.3%), Gentamycin (92.3%), Chloramphenicol (84.6%), Amoxicillin/ Clavulanic acid (84.6%) and Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim (69.2%).

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Magnetic Susceptibility of Some Selected Rock Samples from Karu Area, Northcentral Nigeria

George Gala Nyam, Tajudeen Olugbenga Adeeko, Medina Umar, Kadiri Abdulkafar

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v3i230085

Magnetic susceptibility is a very sensitive indicator of magnetic minerals present in rock because any slight variation in magnetic mineralogy is usually reflected by a profound change of susceptibility. However, the knowledge of its mineral composition does not provide adequate information about the rock and mineral composition of rock and properties such as magnetic susceptibility determines the property of rock. Six samples of the rocks were obtained at different two quarries site each located at Nyanya and Karu for the assessment of magnetic susceptibility which were measured with an instrument called magnetic susceptibility meter EM2S+. The results obtained shows that limestone has low magnetic susceptibility compared to other rock samples such as pegmatite, quartzite, gneiss, granite, granite gneiss, sand stone in both site and pegmatite has the low magnetic susceptibility compared to other rock samples in Karu. The average magnetic susceptibility of the rock samples from Nyanya and Karu are 4.11 x 10-4 (SI) and 4.99 x 10-4(SI) respectively. In conclusion, the selected rock samples show that granite gneiss > laterite > sand stone > granite > gneiss > quartzite > pegmatite > limestone. Which indicate that limestone has the low magnetic susceptibility than other rock samples, show the present of Felsic materials while granite gneiss has a very high magnetic susceptibility, as a result of the present of large amount of iron and magnesium in it.

Open Access Original Research Article

Job Satisfaction and its Influence on Teachers’ Performance in Osun State, Nigeria

A. A. Ijiwole, O. A. Olawale, T. O. Adebayo

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v3i230086

This study examined the influence of job satisfaction on secondary school teachers’ performance in Osun State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study determined the level of job satisfaction among the secondary school teachers, examined the kind of job satisfaction aspects which teachers are satisfied with in the state and examined the relationship between job satisfaction dimensions and teacher performance.  Purposive sampling technique was used to select 50 Principals and 200 teachers according to their roles and ability to enable the researcher to obtain relevant data on teacher’s wellbeing in Osogbo metropolis. Mean, standard deviation, frequency and correlation were used to analyze data. Result revealed that the level of job satisfaction among the secondary school teachers is below expectation, while working environment was ranked highest among the factors influencing job satisfaction among the secondary school teachers. Study also confirmed that job satisfaction dimensions have significant relationship with teacher performance.  The study therefore recommended that Osun State government should stop epileptic payment of half salary and full salary should be paid promptly to enable them concentrate on their job for effective delivery. Also promotion of secondary school teachers should be fixed for 3 years interval as it is done in the tertiary institutions.

Open Access Review Article

Gender Relation between Supervisor and Subordinate Using Statistical Tools

G. Ornguga, Ianngi, Nelson Jonah, V. Iornem, Tersoo, Ogojah, Teryila

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v3i230083

This research entitled “Gender Relation between supervisor and subordinate” (A Study of First Bank of Nigeria Plc, Makurdi, Branch). It deals with the important aspects which a Supervisor performs on the Bank and also the Qualities of Gender Relations in the organization. The sample size of 110 was used. The questionnaire and oral interview was used for data collection. Data was presented in tables and a descriptive approach is adopted in analysis using chi square. The findings reviewed that; the bank should ensure access to workplace reporting mechanisms. From the hypothesis we concluded that there exist challenges confronting supervisor and subordinate in first Bank Makurdi branch and that there exist relationship between supervisor and subordinate on first Bank Makurdi branch which shows that female subordinates demonstrate more negative attitudes towards evaluation fairness and that male subordinate with a counterpart female supervisor put more trust in workplace than males with a male supervisor and females with a female supervisor.