The Efficacy of Cover Crop Compost and Cow Dung Manure on the Growth of Tomato in Tropical Rain Forest of Liberia

James Flomo Gaydaybu *

Department of Agricultural Technology, Bong County Technical College, Bong County, Liberia.

Ruben S. Nyellen

CEPRES International University, Bong County, Liberia.

Silas B. Mulbah

CEPRES International University, Bong County, Liberia.

Mark Y. Yarnlay

Central Agricultural Research Institute, Liberia.

Irene D. Willie

Central Agricultural Research Institute, Liberia.

Philips G. S. Ndaloma

Department of Agricultural Technology, Bong County Technical College, Bong County, Liberia.

Elijah A. Hime

Vocational and Technical Department, Benue State University, Nigeria.

Donatus Asua Kogh

Vocational and Technical Department, Benue State University, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

A study “Investigating the Growth of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) Using Cover Crop Compost and Cow Dung manure” was conducted at the Agriculture Department, CEPRES International University, Gbarnga City, Bong County, Liberia. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of organic fertilizers on the growth of Tomato. The research design adopted was Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD), three replications of treatments. A plot measured 1.5 m x 1.5 m with a walk-way of 0.5 m. There were Three blocks consisting of three plots in each block. A total of 9 plots were used. The spacing was 50 cm x 50 cm. The four treatment levels were: T1 = 4,000 kg/ha (Cow Dung manure), T2 = 4,000 kg/ha (Cover-crop Compost) and T3 = 0 kg/ha (Control). The data were collected in a 30 days interval from the date of sowing using micrometer and measuring tape rule. The results revealed that the highest plant height mean was recorded for the compost treated plots as 73.61 cm. The results for leaf length showed that the longest leaf mean was calculated for the compost treated plots as 36.24. The leaf width analysis depicts that the widest leaf mean was computed for the cow dung treated plots as 46.91 cm. The number of leaf analysis indicated that the most plenty leaf mean was analyzed for the compost treated plots as 34.33 while the least number of leaf mean was analyzed for the control plots as 21.33. Another analysis conducted on the stem diameter showed that the biggest stem diameter mean was analyzed for the compost treated plots as 1.28 cm while the smallest stem diameter mean was analyzed for the control plots as 0.92 cm. The recommendations reached are cover compost be used for tomato production and similar study be conducted on different crops.

Keywords: Cover crop, cow dung, compost, growth, tomato


How to Cite

Gaydaybu, J. F., Nyellen, R. S., Mulbah, S. B., Yarnlay, M. Y., Willie, I. D., Ndaloma, P. G. S., Hime, E. A., & Kogh, D. A. (2024). The Efficacy of Cover Crop Compost and Cow Dung Manure on the Growth of Tomato in Tropical Rain Forest of Liberia. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 18(5), 138–143. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2024/v18i5641

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Tshiala MF, Olwoch JM. Impact of climate variability on tomato production in Limpopo Province, South Africa. African Journal of Agricultural Resaerch. 2010;5(21):2945-2951.

Olaniyi JO, Akanbi WB, Adejumo TA, Akande OG. Growth, fruit yield and nutritional quality of tomato varieties. African Journal of Food Science. 2010;4(6):398402.

MoFA. Agriculture in Ghana: Facts and Figures. Statistics, research and information directorate. Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Accra. Ghana; 2011.

Retrieved from http://mofa.gov.gh/site/wp- content/uploads/2014/03/AGRICULTURE-IN-GHANA-FF2012-nov-2013.

Osei MK, Akromah R, Lamptey JNL, Quain MD. Phenotypic and molecular screening of some tomato germplasm for resistance to Tomato yellow leaf curl virus disease in Ghana. Africa Journal of Agricultural Research 2012;7(33):46754684

Asante BO, Osei MK, Dankyi AA, Berchie JN, Mochiah MBL, Lamptey JN, Haleegoah J, Osei K, Bolfrey-Arku G.. Producer characteristics and determinants of technical efficiency of tomato-based production systems in Ghana. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 2013;5(3):92- 103.

Nada RS, Ashmawi AE, Mady E, Randhir TO, Elateeq AA. Effect of Organic manure and plant growth promoting microbes on yield, quality and essential oil constituents of fennel buld (foeniculum vulgare Mill.), Journal of Ecological Engineering. 2022;23(5):23-30.

Asfaw MD. Effects of animal manures on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.), Journal of Plant Science and Phytopathology. 2022;6:33-39.

Muthiani N. Effects of organic fertilizers on growth and yield of Coriander (Thesis), Munich, GRIN Verlag; 2021. Available:www.grin.com/document/1140827.

Gaydaybu JF, et al. The effect of charcoal and NPK fertilizer on the growth of pepper in Sinyea Sandy- Loam soil, Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports. 2019;5(1):1-9.