Open Access Short Research Article

Study of Chemical Properties of Lycopene Containing Tomato Purees

Smriti Sanyal, Sunita Mishra

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 37-48
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i630405

A study on chemical properties of different treatments prepared using dried tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum), tomato pulp & water was carried out at School of Home Science, B.B.A.U, LUCKNOW during July 2020 to May 2021 to find out most appropriate treatment/puree having high content of lycopene and Vitamin-C, which can be used during off season for consumption, as a substitute to fresh tomatoes. Apart from lycopene & Vitamin-C; total soluble solids, acidity, ascorbic acid content, ash, moisture and pH of the samples drawn from different treatments were also studied during the investigation. Five different types of treatments viz. Dried tomato powder without food additives (T1), Mixture of tomato powder and water (ratio 1:10) without heating (T2), Mixture of tomato powder and water (ratio 1:10) heating at 60-70⁰C for 5 minutes (T3), Fresh tomato pulp (T4) & Tomato pulp cooked at 60-70⁰C for 35 minutes (T5) were used in the investigation. The effect of these treatments was discernible, as reflected on content of lycopene & Vitamin-C. The highest Lycopene content of 90.34±4.18 mg per 100 g was obtained from tomato pulp cooked at 60-70⁰C for 35 minutes followed by dried tomato powder without food additives (66.47±2.02 mg per 100 g). Similarly, highest content of Vitamin-C i.e. 109.03±6.68 mg per 100 g was obtained from dried tomato powder without food additives and lowest 19.43±0.95 mg per 100 g from mixture of tomato powder and water (ratio 1:10) heating at 60-70⁰C for 5 minutes. These results appeared highly promising considering the nature of powder & pulp.

Open Access Original Research Article

HIV and HBV Coinfections in the Highly HIV-infected Population of Rivers State, Nigeria

Tochi I. Cookey, Iheanyi O. Okonko, Nnenna Frank-Peterside

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i630402

Background: In Nigeria, hepatitis co-infection with HIV is linked with an increase in morbidity and mortality.

Objective: The goal of this study was to investigate the rate of HIV/HBV coinfection among the highly HIV-infected people in Rivers State, Nigeria.

Study Design:  Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), in Rivers State, Nigeria, from February 2017 to September 2019.

Methods: A total of 226 HIV-positive people, 105 men and 121 women, were recruited for this study. ELISA was used to screen these participants for the presence of HIV and HBsAg, and this was done following the guidelines stipulated by the manufacturer. The demographic characteristics of the participants were obtained using a questionnaire designed for the study.

Results: Seven people tested positive for HIV/HBV, resulting in a 3.1 % overall prevalence. No significant association was found to exist between HIV/HBV coinfection and the characteristics of the study population.

Conclusion: A low seroprevalence was observed for HIV/HBV infection, in spite of Nigeria being endemic for HBV. Despite this low rate of HIV/HBV coinfection, routine screening for HBV markers should be carried out to reduce morbidity and mortality in this group.

Open Access Original Research Article

Positive Teacher-student Relationships in Gomdar Cluster Schools

Sherub Gyeltshen

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 11-27
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i630403

A mixed methods research design is conducted in this research. For the quantitative survey, the data were collected from 120 students, 8 principals and 80 teachers from all the Gomdar Cluster Schools. After the data collection, inferential correlation analysis study was carried out. The findings of the study revealed that teachers, who exhibit nurturing characteristics, result learners to build self esteem, curb disciplinary issues, decrease dropout rates and enhance academic performance. For qualitative study, the sample consisted of 8 principals and 80 teachers participated in the interview. The data were collected through the use of semi-structured interviews and transcribed and analyzed using thematic approach. The study revealed that the positive teacher-student relationships develop students self esteem, increase class attendance and enhance academic performance. It stimulates teacher job satisfaction without teaching stress and burnout and retention in the profession. Therefore, the positive teacher-student relationship is recommended to be strengthened in our schools.

Open Access Original Research Article

Family Resource Management and COVID-19 in Nigeria: Challenges and Innovative Solutions

China, Mercy A. H.

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 49-55
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i630407

The outbreak of the coronavirus has had severe implications on the availability and management of family resources. The aim of this study was to establish the impact of Covid-19 pandemic on the management of family resources in Nigeria and also provide new approaches and alternatives that can be used to cope with the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. The descriptive survey design was used for the research. The population consisted of all households in Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to draw a sample size of 150 households from the study. Data were obtained using questionnaire that was developed using Google docs as the research instrument. The instrument was validated by three experts with a reliability coefficient of 0.61. The data were statistically analyzed using mean and standard deviation and findings presented on tables. One sample t-test was used to analyze the data. The participants from the study agreed that the Covid-19 outbreak has had an impact on family resource management causing reductions in the availability of family resources, quality of family life and size of family income. The result also showed that the impact of Covid-19 on family resource management is significantly (p<0.05) high. Therefore, to cope with the current changing times and the challenges posed by Covid-19, families should focus on acquiring skills such as digital and entrepreneurial skills, arranging their order of activities in order to meet family needs and reducing wastage of resources through proper management and recycling.

Open Access Review Article

Agricultural Policies, Schemes and Funding: Media Responsibilities to Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals in Nigeria

Morka Emmanuel, E. Moemeke, Scholastica, Nwabudike Fidelis Chike, Praise Nnaji

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 28-36
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i630404

Agricultural policies and schemes are some of the measures through which the Nigerian government has attempted to address some of her challenges in the agricultural sector. Despite the MDGs/SDGs programs, Nigeria is still faced with extreme poverty, hunger, and poor education. Nigeria’s budgetary allocation is still far from meeting international recommendations of 25% by FAO. Laudable and well thought out agricultural schemes such as “Operation feed the nation”, “Green Revolution”, “River Basin Development”, “Agricultural Development Project” etc were government policies and schemes geared towards the provision of agricultural solutions. If objectives of the SDGs be realized in the country, issues of corruption, insecurity, proper education, and awareness creation etc., must be addressed by all stake holders ranging from the financial sector, the government as well as the mass media. The media are faced with challenges of news policies, brown envelops, loss of job opportunities etc., while most youths lack awareness and proper education about agricultural schemes and funding in Nigeria.