Open Access Case study

Applications of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Knowledge Management (KM) Concepts in Defect Identification: A Case of Cable Manufacturing

Chukwuebuka M. U-Dominic, James C. Ujam, Nkemakonam Igbokwe

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 9-21
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i530395

Compromised Insulation thickness of a cable product is essentially linked to several quality problems ranging from energy leakage, electric shocks and increased chances of electrocution incidence, loss of customer goodwill, difficulty in product usage, material waste, etc. However, identifying the cause of this extrusion defect is a lengthy process due to complexities in extrusion coating processes and its economic effect is harsh on organization's financial bottom line. The extrusion complexities and the financial implications of compromised cable products require the need for a systematic decision approach in identifying vital defect causes for proper containment. A multi-criteria decision-making approach-AHP was deployed to solve similar real-life quality problems in cable manufacturing. With the aid of the decision technique, a hierarchy of decision was modeled and defect causes were properly identified and prioritized based on the members aggregated judgments on Insulation thickness failures. The technique has helped the case organization in having a deeper understanding of their process by guiding the interest of their improvement team towards vital defect warnings while acknowledging the possible influence of the trivial many.

Open Access Short Research Article

Motivating Class VIII Students to Read Books

. Singye

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 55-69
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i530399

This research shows how to encourage students to inculcate reading habits beyond the classroom through various interventions like Reading Aloud, maintaining a reading portfolio, and Book Talk. Reading makes men perfect in speaking and writing. It is very important to motivate our students constantly and reinforce them. Reading is not only meant for students but everyone because it helps to improve language both in speaking and writing. This research was conducted to examine how to encourage students to be active readers in the classroom as well as anywhere they required. Students were given various platforms to practice their reading inside the classroom and maintaining records of their readings too. My research was carried out with class VIII students of Chali Lower Secondary School. Data was mainly gathered through mixed methods, that is qualitative and quantitative questionnaires. Students were observed during the usual class hour. The observations were made by recording their reading using criteria. They were observed without informing to get authentic observable responses. In the end, the result was known, why the students usually neglect reading. It helped to understand why students lack reading and what are strategies teachers need to apply to overcome these challenges?

Open Access Original Research Article

COVID-19 Desertion – Investigating Mold Potentials before Office Re-Entry

Kennedy A. Osakwe, Folusho E. Alamina

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i530393

Background: While workers and organisations heeded lockdown enforcements and abandoned offices in response to COVID-19 pandemic, the potential for mold growth thrived in unoccupied offices. An investigative enquiry to assess the potential and risk of exposure to mold is a sine-qua-non to safe re-entry to offices.

Materials and Method: An analytical study conducted through walk through survey involving visual inspection, measurement of physico-chemical parameters (Temperature, Relative Humidity, Air Velocity and Particulate Matters PM2.5); collection and analysis of suspected swab and bulk samples.

Results: Results showed copious amount of moisture evidenced by an averagely high relative humidity of 94%, low ambient temperature of 16% and poor ventilation evinced by an air velocity of 0.4 metre per second. Analysis of samples Mucor species revealed (Mucor mucedo, Mucor himalis, Mucor racemosus); Aspergillus species (Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus terrus); Cladosporium species (Cladosporium cladosproides and Cladosporium sphaerosperum).

Conclusion: Poor ventilation, deposits of debris, increased moisture and dysfunctional ventilation system as found in abandoned offices for Mold growth. Post lockdown re-entry to offices should be preceded by Mold risk assessment among other measures to rule out the presence of Mold growth. Preparations for re-entry should include deep cleaning with anti Mold agents, optimization of ventilation system using anti Mold and High Efficiency Particulate Absorbing (HEPA) filters, dehumidifiers and safe remediation of suspected mold growth using suitable personal protective equipment.

Open Access Original Research Article

An Evaluation of the Level of Household’s Participation in Environmental Sanitation in Ado Ekiti

O. O. Omotoso, O. O. Ojo, A. A. Shittu

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 34-44
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i530397

The paper assessed the level of household’s participation in environmental sanitation in Ado Ekiti. A total of 320 copies of questionnaire were administered altogether. The copies of questionnaire were administered to the household heads in each houses selected in each wards. Data analysis was done with descriptive analysis method with the use of frequency table and percentage table. Findings further revealed that there is low turn up for environmental sanitation in the study area; it also indicated that there is moderate or average level of household members’ participation in environmental sanitation in the study area. In the same manner, findings further revealed that there are several cases of health problems and challenges related to poor involvement of the people in environmental sanitation most especially at the household level. In the same manner, there is a day set aside for environmental sanitation in the study area, however, despite this, there is low level of efficiency of environmental sanitation as supported by majority of the respondents. It is recommended that improvement of the standards of environmental sanitation should not be taken with levity hands by all tiers of government, as they should develop policies that would be geared towards improving people’s participation in household environmental sanitation in the study area and other parts of the country. Furthermore, environmental sanitation should not be only seen based on the periodic promulgation as stipulated by the law but should be seen by all citizens as a civic responsibility that needs to be done by all, there should also be the development of programmes geared towards the promotion of people’s behavioural change that would enhance the promotion of people’s participation in household based environmental sanitation.

Open Access Original Research Article

Street Trading and Condition of Sidewalk Space in the Core Area of Ado Ekiti, Nigeria

J. T. Owolabi, O. A. Bamisaiye, O. O. Ojo, A. A. Shittu

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 45-54
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i530398

The paper assessed street trading and condition of sidewalk space in the core area of Ado Ekiti. A total of 200 copies of questionnaire were administered altogether. The copies of questionnaire were administered to the people in the core area of the city as well as street traders. Data analysis was done with descriptive analysis method with the use of frequency table and percentage table. Findings revealed that sidewalk space in the core area of Ado Ekiti is not adequate. The study further revealed that majority of the sidewalk spaces in the core are of Ado Ekiti can be considered narrow; which is a result of the low level of concentration of the engineering designs of the road during the construction phase. Most especially in areas such as Matthew Street, old garage among others, the width of the space allocated for sidewalks are often very narrow among others. It is recommended that there should be development of the rural areas as there is high rate of inequality of in the distribution of resources and facilities that facilities development. If the rural areas are developed, there will be lesser population concentration in the core areas. It is also recommended that government at all levels should ensure the creation of neighborhood market in several towns and villages as well as different neighborhood in the urban centres as this will foster the decongestion of core areas of urban centres among others.

Open Access Original Research Article

Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Rainbow Nutrition among Mothers in the Selected Urban Pocket

Sagar Alwadkar, Pratibha Wankhede

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 70-77
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i530400

Introduction: Good nutrition is highly crucial for the Children’s development-mentally and physically. According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs), fruit and vegetable consumption focuses on health promotion, illness risk reduction, and chronic disease prevention. To gather all of the nutrients our bodies need, different colored fruits and vegetables must be consumed daily. Eat the Rainbow nutrition is about eating many fruits and vegetables of many different color every day, which offer different nutrients to the body.

Objective: To assess the knowledge and attitude regarding rainbow nutrition among mothers and associate the knowledge and attitude score regarding rainbow nutrition among mothers with their selected demographic variables.

Methods: The research design used for the proposed study was descriptive research                           design and the sampling technique used nonprobability convenient sampling technique. The population in this study is 14 years of child’s mothers who are living in urban area of wardha district.

Results: The study result is 22% of mothers were having poor knowledge regarding rainbow nutrition, while 27 (54%) mothers had satisfactory knowledge and 20% subjects had had good and 4% excellent knowledge regarding rainbow nutrition and 74% of mothers were having unfavourable attitude (<50), 13 (26%) were having moderately favourable (51-75%) attitude and none of the mothers having favourable attitude (>75%) towards rainbow nutrition.

Conclusion: After finding all results it was concluded that there is a need to improve the knowledge and develop a favourable attitude of mothers towards rainbow nutrition. The study result is 22% of mothers were having poor knowledge regarding rainbow nutrition, while 27 (54%) mothers had satisfactory knowledge and 20% subjects had had good and 4% excellent knowledge regarding rainbow nutrition.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study on Generalized Balancing Numbers

Y¨uksel Soykan

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 78-100
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i530401

In this paper, we investigate properties of the generalized balancing sequence and we deal with, in detail, namely, balancing, modified Lucas-balancing and Lucas-balancing sequences. We present Binet’s formulas, generating functions and Simson formulas for these sequences. We also present sum formulas of these sequences. We provide the proofs to indicate how the sum formulas, in general, were discovered. Of course, all the listed sum formulas may be proved by induction, but that method of proof gives no clue about their discovery. Moreover, we consider generalized balancing sequence at negative indices and construct the relationship between the sequence and itself at positive indices. This illustrates the recurrence property of the sequence at the negative index. Meanwhile, this connection holds for all integers. Furthermore, we give some identities and matrices related with these sequences.

Open Access Review Article

Critical Aspects of 5G Technology- A Study on the Drivers, Technology Enhancement, Performance, and Spectrum Usage

Akash R. Kathavate, Bhanu Priya, Rajeshwari Hegde, Sharath Kumar

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 22-33
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i530396

Pursuit for a new feasible technology has always been the main intention of every telecom company to satisfy the dire needs of the increasing demand for higher data rates and uninterrupted communication. The Fourth Generation (4G) network deployed presently works on an All-IP Network architecture providing features like low latency and high data rates. Owing to many user applications which make use of constant internet connection and high data rate, 5G was launched. Keeping in line with current trends, user preferences, and requirements, technology standards have evolved from 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G, and now 5G. Thus, 5G mobile technology makes use of Flat-IP Network architecture which fulfills the need for high data rates and ultra low latency thus providing overall latency. Thus, this paper intends to discuss the various performance parameters, necessities, evolutionary enhancements, the shift in the architecture and protocols involved from 4G to 5G to achieve a full real wireless world, and also about the spectrum management and challenges.