Open Access Short Research Article

A Prelude Study on Influence of Hydrophobic Ionic Liquid on Tensile and Impact Properties of HDPE/KCF Biocomposites

Ahmad Adlie Shamsuri, Siti Nurul Ain Md. Jamil, Khalina Abdan

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 60-66
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i330381

In this prelude study, the high-density polyethylene/kenaf core fiber (HDPE/KCF) biocomposites without and containing hydrophobic ionic liquid, namely 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([Emim][NTf2]), were prepared via melt mixing process. The process was carried out by using an internal mixer at 150°C with a rotor speed of 60 rpm. The prepared biocomposites were molded into sheets through compression molding technique at the same temperature. The molded biocomposites were cut into dumbbell and rectangular shapes for tensile and impact tests, respectively. The tensile and impact properties of the biocomposites were determined by using universal testing and impactor machines, correspondingly. The tensile test results indicated that the biocomposites containing [Emim][NTf2] had low tensile stress and tensile modulus. Nevertheless, the biocomposites possessed high tensile extension and impact strength compared to the biocomposite without [Emim][NTf2]. This study deduced that the presence of the hydrophobic ionic liquid like [Emim][NTf2] significantly influenced the tensile and impact properties of the HDPE/KCF biocomposites.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Trace Elemental Composition, Sex Hormones and Antioxidant Capacity of Young Women with Menstrual Irregularities

Nwadike Constance, Oly-Alawuba Nkeiruka

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 14-18
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i330376

Trace elemental composition, sex hormones and antioxidant capacity of young women with menstrual irregularities were assessed in this study using standard methods. Forty (40) young female subjects with regular menstrual cycle and 40 young female subjects with different kinds of menstrual irregularities, a total of 80 volunteer subjects were used for the study. The subjects were sourced from the duo of Imo State University and Federal Medical Centre, both in Owerri, Nigeria. Each volunteer subject signed an informed consent form after the procedure and implications of the study were explained using a language the subject would understand. Trace elements such as zinc, copper, iron, and selenium; and antioxidant capacity assessed were insignificantly (p>0.05) affected in test subjects when compared to control subjects. Estrogen and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels were significantly (p<0.05) decreased in test subjects against the control subjects. The reduction in levels of estrogen and SHBG could be an indication that menstrual irregularities of the test subjects may have been linked to hormonal imbalances.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Utilization of HBCP Services for Children Diagnosed with Chronic and Terminal Illnesses Aged between 1-14 Years in Meru County, Kenya

P. K. Kubai, A. M. Mutema, M. R. Kei

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 29-45
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i330379

Introduction: Worldwide, 57 million people died in 2008 from Chronic Illnesses, an estimated 40 million were in need of HBCP services with 6.6 - 10.8 million Children and adolescents dying [1,2]. 98% of Children with Chronic and Terminal illnesses (CI/TI) are found in low and middle-income Countries. Chronic and Terminal illnesses in Children are on the rise in Sub Saharan Africa. Kenya has lagged in implementation of Home Based Care to mitigate effects of CI/TI [3]. According to WHO, 2017 and Ministry of Health-Kenya 2013, millions of Children are affected by these Illnesses such as Tuberculosis, Asthma, Congenital abnormalities, HIV/AIDS and Cancer among others [4,5]. These illnesses have made families’ to suffer emotional, psychosocial and economic hardships [6,7]. Evaluation of utilization of Home Based Care Program (EHBCP) services is significant in assessing effectiveness and quality delivery of HBCP [8,9]. 

Aims: To assess usage of minimum essential package required in provision of Home Based Care program services for Children aged between 1-14 years diagnosed with selected Chronic and Terminal illnesses in Meru County Kenya.

Study Design:  A descriptive Cross Sectional Survey.

Place and Duration of Study: Conducted in Meru County Kenya Health facilities between June 2018 and Dec 2019.

Methodology: Descriptive Cross Sectional Survey of 245 Health Care Providers and Caregivers of Children diagnosed with selected Chronic and Terminal illnesses by proportionate to size sampling and simple random sampling from different health facilities across Meru County was utilized.

Results: Utilization, delivery of quality and effective Home Based Care program was positively associated with age, experience of Health Care Workers (HCWs) 4.8 [95% CI = 1.06 – 21.68, P = 0.041]. HCWs profession, gender and years of work were positively related to utilization and delivery of HBCP services 3.03 [95%CI = 1.64 – 5.59, P<0.001].

Conclusion: Current study concludes that utilization of Minimum HBCP essential package by participants was not effective and the quality delivery of minimum HBCP essential services was inadequate, which agrees with Sips et al., 2014 study that poor service delivery leads to inadequate utilization, it concludes that restructuring HBCP services would meet individual needs for ill Children.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Effect of Accrual Quality and Operating Cash Flows on Future Cash Flows in the Basic Industry and Chemical Sectors

Amanda Shofia, Wiwik Utami

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 46-59
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i330380

This study aims to analyze the effect of accrual quality and operating cash flow on future cash flows. Accrual quality in this study is measured by the accruals-working capital approach, referring to Dechow and Dichev [1] and Francis et al. [2], cash flow is measured by the ratio of operating cash flows to assets. The population of this research is the Basic Industry and Chemical sector companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the period 2014-2018. The samples were determined using purposive sampling which resulted in 144 firms year came from 32 companies. The results of this study showed that there is a significant positive effect the accrual quality and operating cash flow on future cash flows. Management should manage the company's operating cash flow efficiently, and simultaneously improve the quality of the company's accruals which will be a positive signal for investors creditors.

Open Access Original Research Article

Health Hazards, Perceived Health Problems and Safety Compliances among Mortuary Workers in Ikwerre Local Government Area of Rivers State

Noah Oluwatope Emmanuel, Ukwoma Ilode Police

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 67-74
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i330382

This study assessed Health Hazards, Perceived Health Problems and Safety Compliances among Mortuary Workers in Ikwerre Local Government Area of Rivers State. Descriptive cross-sectional study recruited 150 eligible respondents from private and public mortuaries, respectively, surveyed from selected mortuaries in Ikwerre Local Government Area of Rivers State. A structured questionnaires were administered to the respondents which comprises of socio-demographics, occupational history, knowledge and behaviour towards hazards encountered while at their workplace. Descriptive and analytical statistical tools were used to analyze the data. The majority of the respondents were exposed to hazards. The majority of respondents had knowledge of hazards associated with their job, while 11% used personal protective equipment (PPE) always. Hazards abound in mortuaries in Ikwerre L.G.A. even though most workers had received training on hazards and hazards prevention. There was also poor use of PPE by workers of these mortuaries in Ikwerre Local Government Area. It was recommended that health education, provision, enforcement and monitoring of the use of PPE be intensified among this group of workers as measures to mitigate hazards in the study area.

Open Access Review Article

A Review on Reservoirs Sedimenation Problems in Ethiopia

Tesfaw Melkamu Adugna, Dessie Almaw Cherie

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i330372

Environmental impacts and long-term morphological changes on the natural water course and mainly through soil erosion (water erosion) due to human intervention, the reservoirs handled by sedimentation. Soil erosion and sedimentation are natural phenomena involved in landscape formation. Cumulative sediment yield is influenced by the combination of factors including soil erodability, soil textural class, organic matter content, watershed area, topography and vegetation cover. In Ethiopia, accelerated sedimentation in reservoirs providing hydroelectric power and irrigation water has resulted in loss of these intended services. The frequent power-cuts and rationing-based electric power distribution recently experienced in the country are also partially attributed to the loss of storage capacity of hydroelectric power reservoirs. Sediment derived from soil erosion and delivered to rivers is a major source of various environmental problems such as sediment deposition in river channels and reservoirs which deteriorates water quality. Sedimentation is a critical pollutant in surface waters that adversely affect water quality and contains other important contaminants including nutrients, pesticides and heavy metals. Some minerals transported with sediments like Cu, Pb, As and Hg are extremely toxic even in small concentration and affect quality of water in dams for various purposes. The suspended solids in the eroded material increases the raw water turbidity (i.e., water becomes muddy and physically dirty),which increases water treatment costs.

Open Access Review Article

Theoretical Linkage between Theories of Social Comparison, Brand Congruence, Self Concept and Social Indentity

A. D. C. Perera, S. M. A. K. Samarakoon, W. M. C. B. Wanninayake

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 19-28
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i330377

Aim: This paper proposed a theoretical framework to fulfill the theoretical gap which will lead to an extended theory for conspicuous consumption.

Methodology: The main theory considered for this study is social comparison theory which is the grounded theory of the concept of conspicuous consumption. Further, theoretical framework is entailed of 3 supporting theories. As explained below brand association variable is emerged from brand congruency theory. while Self-concept variable is emerged from self-concept theory. Whereas personal cultural orientation is based on the social identity theory.

Conclusion: The researcher strongly argues that in order to do a thorough comparison and purchase, the consumer would look at overall spectrum i.e., brand image, self-image and social image where it will give him an overall evaluation for him to make a consumption behavior which may lead to conspicuous consumption.

Open Access Review Article

A Review on Organic Adsorbents for the Removal of Toxic Metals from Waste Water

N. Guruprashanth, Ramakrishna Hegde, B. Suresh

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 75-85
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i330383

The contamination of water due to explosive population growth rate, industrial operations, various toxic components particularly trace metals are affecting on the flora and fauna including on the human well-being. Water is essential requirement for process, developmental activities and all the living being. Due to manmade activities, there is an instant necessity to find different techniques for the removal of toxins in wastewater. Industrial processed effluent contains like nickel, lead, chromium, zinc, arsenic, cadmium, selenium and uranium. So far, a various type efficient methods are available for the removal of heavily metals such as chemical precipitation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, electrodialysis, nanofiltration, coagulation, flocculation, floatation, etc. However available methods have numerous disadvantages like more reagent requirement, random removal of metal ion, generation of toxic sludge etc. At present, treatment of water in the economical process is very important. So the various natural adsorbents were used for the treatment of water. Adsorption techniques being very simple, economical, successful and flexible has become the most ideal methods for removal of toxic metals from wastewater. In this paper reviewed on readily available about 98 published articles (1990-2020) various natural materials as adsorbents for removal of heavy metals from wastewater. It is evident from the review of articles that ion-exchange, adsorption and membrane filtration are the most frequently apprised for the removal of heavy metal in wastewater. As these industries disposes untreated or poorly treated waste water containing toxic metals to the water bodies which in turn affect the human health those who are consuming it causing serious carcinogenic health effects. This review paper presents an overview of different adsorption techniques of heavy metal treatment from several wastewater samples. All of the cited authors and articles give the adsorption kinetics adopting isotherm models. By comparing many research values presented by an earlier number of papers. We draw conclusions for two new adsorption methods first one is with biosorbent and second one with synthetic materials. In this paper an attempt is made to study the effort done by the various researchers those who have made an attempt to treat the toxic waste water by using natural adsorbents and the results are discussed.

Open Access Review Article

The Utilization of Rusip's Local Culture as a Distanced Learning Media in Biological Lessons

M Ikhsan Al Ghazi, Nurul Qomariyah, Agung Wijaya Subiantoro, Nur Aeni Ariyanti

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 86-93
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i330384

Aims: This study aims to explore the possibility of Rusip as a medium for distance learning in biology subjects.

Study design:  The research method used the literature review method.

Place and duration of study: Indonesia, between February 2021 and May 2021.

Methodology: In this study, researchers searched works of literature from multiple data search engines, namely research gate, google scholar, and Mendeley website. The keywords used to search for relevant documents are typing the word rusip, biology, learning media.

Results: The results showed that 1) the use of rusip as a media for learning biology is more suitable for teaching materials that contain the theme of fermentation; 2) the rusip learning media can be presented as an e-module which predominantly presents a complete picture and description of each step in the making of rusip.

Conclusion: The rusip’s local culture can be developed to be learning media in biological lesson

Open Access Case Report

Coexistence of Giant Cell Arteritis with Aortitis and Sweet’s Syndrome: Is It a Coincidence?

Abir Derbel, Chifa Damak, Mouna Snoussi, Faten Frikha, Slim Charfi, Raida Ben Salah, Moez Jallouli, Tahya Boudawara, Sameh Marzouk, Zouhir Bahloul

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 9-13
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i330373

Sweet’s syndrome (SS) is a rare disorder characterized by dermal infiltration by neutrophils. It has been reported in association with drugs, malignancies, infections, rheumatoid diseases, inflammatory bowel diseases. Its association with giant cell arteritis (GCA) hasn’t been reported to our knowledge. The diagnosis of GCA was based on inflammatory biological syndrome with aortitis with negative infectious investigations. Herein, we present an unusual case of SS associated with GCA treated with steroids with good outcomes.