Open Access Study Protocol

Acromegaly and Pregnancy: A Systematic Review Protocol

Diego Barata Bandeira, Thaina Oliveira Felicio Olivatti, Fernanda Bolfi, Cesar Luiz Boguszewski, Vania dos Santos Nunes- Nogueira

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 12-18
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430338

Introduction: Although the association between acromegaly and pregnancy has been studied, recent evidence synthesis is lacking.

Objective: To evaluate the association between acromegaly and pregnancy in terms of disease control and newborn/maternal outcomes.

Methods: We will perform a systematic review according to Joanna Briggs Institute methodology for systematic reviews of etiology and risk. We will include studies with pregnant women, over 18 years old, diagnosed with acromegaly before or during the first trimester of pregnancy. Studies with pregnancy before acromegaly diagnosis will be excluded. We will consider cohort and case-control studies, and case series (at least 3 participants). Maternal primary outcomes will be acromegaly control, preterm birth, presence of diabetes, hypertension and/or eclampsia, and frequency of abortion. Newborn primary outcomes will be perinatal mortality and low birthweight. General and adaptive search strategies have been created for the Embase, Medline, LILACS, and CENTRAL databases. Two independent reviewers will assess eligibility of the studies, extract data, and evaluate their risk of bias. For dichotomous data, effect estimates will be calculated using relative risk with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Continuous data will be expressed as means and standard deviation (SD) for each study, and the mean difference will be calculated with respective 95% CIs. For non-controlled studies, maternal outcomes will be compared pre- and postpartum, and for abortion frequency and newborn outcomes, we will perform proportional meta-analysis. Conclusion: We hope that the results of this review can help the management of pregnant women with acromegaly.

Open Access Original Research Article

Angular Photometric Analysis of the Forehead in a Nigerian Population

Onyinye Mary Ozioko, Uche Sebastine Ozioko, Ignatius Ikemefuna Ozor, Ifeanacho Ezeteonu Abireh, Okeke Emmanuel Ikechukwu, Adaeze Hope Anike

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430336

Facial data are used to ascertain deviations from norm, biological variability, assess phenotypic traits, precise determination of facial aesthetics, design of safety equipment, correctional tools, evolutionary analysis, civil and criminal identification purposes. This study was designed to analyze the morphometric dimensions of forehead from photographs taken at varying angles.

Materials and Methods: Two-hundred Yoruba subjects (10-30 years) were photographed and the following anthropometric parameters; 90° (FH90°), forehead height at 45°Right (FH45°R), forehead height at 45°Left (FH45°L), forehead width at 90° (FW90°), forehead width at 45°right (FW45°R) and forehead width at 45°left (FW45°L) was measured. Descriptive analysis of the forehead parameters was carried out and the relationships between different parameters were tested using Pearson correlation.

Results: All measured forehead parameters in our cohort were greater in males than in females except FW45°R and FH45°R. Significant relationship was also found to exist between forehead parameters at different angles.

Conclusion: Findings from this study indicates that forehead parameters at 90°, 45° Right and 45° Left, showed sexual dimorphism and are correlated hence can be used for individualization, biological profiling, facial recognition from security cameras, planning of reconstructive and aesthetic surgery.

Open Access Original Research Article

Constraints in Adoption of Animal Husbandry Practices in Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh, India

A. Lavanya, G. Prasad Babu

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 8-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430337

The present study was carried out to find out the constraints in implementation of improved dairy related activities among the dairy farmers in adopted villages who have been receiving regular guidance and technical support from KVK, Banavasi, Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh. A total of 120 farmers from 3 mandals were selected using simple random sampling method and a series of questions covering aspects like breeding, feeding, health care and clean milk production were administered and constraints were recorded and categorised. The beneficiaries perceived "non-availability of green fodder throughout the year" (81.66%) and "A.I. centre not/distantly located" (64%) as the most serious infrastructural constraints. "Cost of rearing crossbred cows is very high" (89.66%) and "excess workload" (84%) as the main constraints of socio psychological nature encountered by the beneficiaries.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Dominant Factors Affecting Employee’s Performance a Case Study at PT Bintai Kindenko Engineering Indonesia

Ade Saputra, . Kholil, Toto Hardiyanto

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 19-30
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430340

The general situation of national domestic business is not encouraging. More specifically, the number of Construction Service Companies engaged in the Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing (MEP) field in Indonesia is increasing. In order to make all companies compete competitively, companies need effective human resources (HR) on MEP project on the meaning of effective HR is that have Knowledge, Skills and Attitude. One of the ways companies can achieve improved workforce performance is by applying disciplinary attitudes in accordance with applicable regulations. And must be supported by having a competent workforce. Leaders as managers in a project must be able to create a comfortable working atmosphere and conditions for their staff to have good performance. Leadership factors may effect the success or failure of an agency. The purpose of this research is to identify the dominant factors that affect labor performance in the MEP project conducted at PT Bintai Kindenko Engineering Indonesia. Data analysis with help of smartPLS 3.0 software. The results are that the discipline and leadership hasn't an affecting on workforce performance improvement, competency variables have an affecting on workforce performance improvement. And together the variables of discipline, competence, and leadership have an affecting on workforce performance improvement. The most affecting factor is the competency variable, with an affecting coefficient of 0.627 on performance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Role of Tax Revenue, Non-tax Revenue, and Foreign Aid to Increase the Size of Budget in Nepal

Arjun Kumar Dahal, Ghanshyam Dhakal, Khagendra Kumar Thapa

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 31-48
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430341

Purpose: The purpose of the present study is to find the impact of tax revenue, non-tax revenue, and foreign aid to increase the size of the budget in Nepal.

Methods: This study is based on descriptive, analytical, and exploratory research designs. The Johnsen Co-integration Test, VECM, Wald Test, and Granger Causality Test are used to find long-run relation, impact, short-run causality, and granger cause between the pairs of variables.

Results: The tax revenue, non-tax revenue, foreign aid, and budget are co-integrated, or they have a long-run association ship. The result of VECM shows that tax revenue, non-tax revenue, foreign aid is nicely fitted, and they are jointly significant to explain the size of the budget in Nepal. Short-run causality was found between the size of budget and tax revenue and size of budget and foreign aid, but there was an absence of short-run causality between budget and non-tax revenue in Nepal. The granger cause was not found between the pair of variables.

Implications: It seems to increase the tax revenue and decrease the dependency on foreign aid.

Limitations: This study was based on the secondary data of 40 years from the fiscal year 1979/80 to 2018/19.  Only three variables, tax revenue, non-tax revenue, and foreign aid, are considered the effecting factor of the budget size. Hence, further study is necessary by employing other tools and variables.

Originality: The author was not affected by the study and findings of others.

Open Access Original Research Article

Noise Attenuation Using Vegetal Supported Barriers and Buffers Zones in Obio/Akpor, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Mark Ogoro, Idika Sandra Ezinne, Dollah Osademe Chukwudi

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 49-60
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430342

Noise pollution is an unwanted sound which degrades the quality of our environment  therefore, making the environment we live and work unpleasant for living. This situation is not different in Port Harcourt metropolis in the wake of increased human activities, which has   resulted to and accelerates noise level. This situation has led to the adoption of possible  measures to check noise levels using vegetal cover supported barriers. Hence, the need to examine environmental noise exposure attenuation using vegetal cover and its supported     barriers. Environmental research design was employed and a total of twelve samples were collected for each barrier types with the aid of the digital noise meter (EXTECH instrument    digital sound meter with RS232) to measure noise level in decibels (dBA). Findings revealed  that areas with bare surfaces across its property corridor witnessed did not decrease noise   levels at destination while surface with vegetation such as lawns within its property  boundary corridor witnessed reduced noise levels of destination. It is therefore, recommended    that vegetal surfaces walls should be encouraged to support erected noise barrier walls across    the urban space in the bid of attenuating urban noise and make urban regions/areas more habitable.

Open Access Original Research Article

Access and Use of Latrines for Everyone? The Case of the Far North Region (Cameroon)

P. Nbendah, G. V. Djumyom Wafo, E. Soh Kengne, W. A. Letah Nzouebet, C. Wanda, A. Ayo, A. Fouedjio, J. P. Fankem Noutajie, A. Atabong Paul, G. Ngoukwa, A. J. Kamdem Wafo, C. Nono Temegne, J. M. Bell

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 61-73
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430343

Introduction: Difficulty of access to and use of decent latrines is one of the major concerns of our century. This, as it affects more than one billion people, particularly in the developing world. Even more, it affects the health of people and seriously hinders their development as well as their mental and social well-being. It is as a prelude to the foregoing that this study was conducted with the aim of assessing the type of devices and their level of use by households in Far North of Cameroon.

Methodology: An investigation was conducted among 1,050 households selected in a stratified manner in 56 villages in 10 communes of the Far North region during the year 2016. This through an evaluation of the type of device, as well as their level of use by households in this region.

Results: More than 80% of the latrines encountered are unimproved because they do not allow a safe separation between feces, humans and the environment. The percentage of use of these devices is 92.5% for the households surveyed, which is below the national level estimated at 94%. The non-users of latrines are either non latrine holders or latrine holders who prefer to relieve themselves in the open air.

Conclusion: The study revealed that the majority of households use latrines. However, these latrines are mostly unimproved. Open defecation is still practiced in some localities.

Impact of the study: This study provides the baseline situation for latrine use in the Far North and thus marks the starting point for any intervention to improve the situation of latrine access in this region.

Open Access Original Research Article

Improving Delta State Polytechnic Ogwashi-Uku (DSPG) Website for Effective Marketing Cum Global Ranking

Anyira, Isaac Echezonam, Omodafe, Uzezi Philomena

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 74-84
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430344

The focus of this paper is to provide a guide for the improvement of the Delta State Polytechnic, Ogwashi-Uku (DSPG) website for effective marketing cumglobal ranking. The paper specifically examined the roles of websites in higher education; analyzed the web presence and visibility of DSPG and also identify guidelines for improving the design, content and value of the website. The paper adopted both the quantitative and qualitative methods. Primary information was obtained from four major Search Engines Optimization (SEO) namely, Google, Google Scholar, Bing and Yahoo. Result of Google search shows that DSPG recorded 66,600 Hits in 2019 and 107,000 in 2020; Google Scholar search recorded 318 Hits in 2019 and 395 hits in 2020; Bing recorded 58,800 Hits in 2019 and 52,300 in 2020; while Yahoo! recorded 87,000 Hits in 2019 and 76,300 in 2020. The paper concluded that the institution’s current Webometrics ranking of 213 out of the 249 Nigerian institutions ranked will experience a tremendous improvement in both linkage operations and global competitiveness when the recommendations of this paper are carefully considered and implemented. Thus, it is recommended that a team comprising ICT experts, sound academics and web developers should be set up to oversee the management of the DSPG website for excellent results. In addition, the paper recommends that DSPG Management should encourage lecturers to publish their papers in highly rated open access journals in their various fields and also reconsider using as the official web address in place of as it is amore fascinating, generally acceptable and effective web address that can leverage DSPG overall performance in line with global academic best practices.

Open Access Original Research Article

Sustainability in Planning Landscape Areas of Konya Province in Turkey

Eray Tulukcu

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 85-91
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430345

Konya province (KP) is located in the middle of Turkey has rich plant diversity and production potential. It is known that the plants used in landscaping  are selected from the mother-nature and has improved over time.  Some of the ornamental plants have medicinal value.In landscape projects, the plants  form living material have aesthetic value, some of them have medicinal value also are  the reason for their preference in the landscape project.

In this study, the plants in the recreational parks of KP were examined, especially the medicinal and aromatic ones. It has been observed that, while planning the landscape areas as well as water management, the selection of plants is an important criteria  for ensuring the sustainability and  cost efficiency. The average annual precipitation in Konya is  around 300-350 mm, the summer months are hot and dry, whereas a harsh and snowy climate in winters. While selecting the plants for a region, the climatic conditions should be considered. In places, where the summer months are dry, the choice of plants should be based on drought tolerance as well as visuality of plants that makes good use of water.

Open Access Original Research Article

Using Instructional Materials to Overcome Students’ Difficulties in Solving Problems Related to Pyramids

Awudu Obeng, Godwin Onwona- Agyeman, Collin Fordjour Nkrumah

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 92-104
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430346

This paper remedies the inability of visual Art 2 students of Komfo Anokye Senior High School, Kumasi in calculating the perpendicular height correctly in a given pyramid and further use it to find the volume of the pyramid. Designed instructional materials were used to review the basic concepts like Pythagoras theorem before using activity method in teaching the actual topic- volume of a pyramid.

A pre-test was conducted to identify the specific areas for development and a post-test to assess the effectiveness of the intervention scheme. A sample of fifty students was selected from visual Art 2 of the school. The study concluded with suggestions and recommendations for the effective use of appropriate teaching and learning materials for positive results in teaching of mensuration especially, pyramids.

Open Access Original Research Article

Gender Based Comparison of Nutrition Status among Primary School Children in Selected Urban and Rural Areas in Ondo State, Nigeria

Onetufo Kolawole Akindele, Adjene Josiah Obaghwarhievwo

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 105-113
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430347

In today’s Nigeria, widespread and severe poverty is a reality that depicts a lack of food, clothes, education and other basic amenities and basically affects women and children. This study compared and contrasts gender-based nutritional status in primary school children of selected rural and urban settlements in Ondo State, South-West Nigeria. Using the Multi-staged sampling technique, two hundred and forty (240) primary school students of between the ages of 5 and 10 years were ethically recruited from aforementioned area. Socio-demographic data was collected by way of interview, using a research administered questionnaire that contained both open and closed ended questions. Secondary information was also sourced from the ministry of health, internet, published research papers, journals and other relevant sources. Here, dependent variables consisted of the nutritional status of children in study area(s) that were measured through various nutrition indicators as; height-for-age, weight-for-height, weight-for-age. These indicators were measured through anthropometric techniques, as well as gender specific variations in target variables. Results were sorted, analysed and presented in percentage (using the statistical package for social sciences, SPSS) were used for quantitative data integration on socio-economic and demographics. From the result, most (60.0%) of the respondents’ parents in the urban are within the age range of 31-40 years while most (44.0%) in the rural were within the age range of 21-30 years. In all, none of the urban parents were within the age range of 15-20 years while 10.0% of the rural parents were within the age range of 15-21 years. The mean age of urban parents was 34 years while the mean age of rural parents was 31 years. It can be deduced from the results that rural parents involved were higher than their urban counterparts. Mean consumption pattern of carbohydrates by urban respondents was higher than that of the rural counterparts, lower for proteins consumption pattern as well as in vitamins, even though nutritional status proved otherwise for urban against rural children. Nutritional enlightenment programmes is recommended for parents of rural settled children in order keep abreast of the importance of healthy eating. Further study aimed at corroborating these findings should also be carried out.

Open Access Original Research Article

Nutritional Values and Medicinal Health Aspects of Brown, Brown-Black and White Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) Grown in Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria

Abdullahi Attah Alfa, Kokori Bajeh Tijani, O. D. Omotoso, Yahaya Junaidu, Abullahi Aminu Sezor

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 114-124
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430348

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual legume thought to have originated in Nigeria. Cowpea has high protein and carbohydrate content with a relatively low fat content and a complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make it an important nutritional staple food in the human diet. This study aims to determine the phytochemical, nutritional values and medicinal health aspects of brown, brown-black and white cowpea grown in Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. Three colours of cowpea seeds are dried and ground in powder form. The crude powder was tested for alkaloids, anthraquinone, carbohydrates, cardiac glycosides, fat and oils, flavonoid, Saponins, steroidal ring, terpenoids and tannins. The proximate analysis of the samples was carried out for protein content, ash content, fat content, moisture content, crude fiber and carbohydrate after drying each sample at room temperature. Vitamins and mineral elements were determined by the dry ash extraction. The phytochemical components of secondary metabolites of the extracts from the obtained result, anthraquinone were absent in each of the three colour of the samples and tannins were not present in the white seed. The proximate composition of a nutritive value of each samples. The brown and brown-black seeds has higher value of percentages (%) crude protein, % ash content, % fat content, moisture content, % crude fibre, % carbohydrate of amounting to (57.84, 4.53, 11.60, 7.24, 3.40, 55.98) and (58.59, 4.45, 10.9, 7.06, 3.90, 54.60) while the white seed has (50.20, 3.52, 9.30, 8.56, 4.11, 59.50) has low % crude protein, % ash content and % fat content value compared to brown and brown-black seeds of cowpea. The vitamins components of brown, brown-black seeds and white seed of Cowpea where vitamin A, B, C, E (131, 232, 9, 7) in brown seed, (142, 221, 7, 9) in brown-black seed and (113, 209, 6, 5) in white seed. The Mineral element of brown, brown-black and white seeds of Cowpea where Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, P and Mn (49, 981, 651, 123, 54, 35, 620, 1.0) brown, (58, 789, 668, 98, 43, 38, 590, 2.0) brown-black and (63, 684, 723, 299, 10.11, 23, 843, 0.5) white seeds were detected but Cu and N non-detected in each. The brown and brown-black seeds of cowpea is richer in proximate, vitamins and mineral nutrients compared to white seed of cowpea. Therefore, adoption, utilization and consumption of cowpea grains as source of food will be a step forward towards combating the protein-calorie malnutrition and iron deficiency in this part of the world.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Note Concerning Generalized Complex k-Horadam and Generalized Gaussian k-Horadam Squences

Hasan Gökbaş, Hasan Köse

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 131-141
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430350

In this paper, we have studied the generalized Complex k-Horadam and generalized Gaussian k-Horadam sequences. We have given the generating functions and Binet formulas of generalized Complex k-Horadam and generalized Gaussian k-Horadam sequences. Moreover, we have obtained some important identities involving the generalized Complex k-Horadam and generalized Gaussian k-Horadam numbers.

Open Access Review Article

Challenges in the Process of Development and Maintenance of a Modern Bulgarian Food Composition Database: FAO’s Project – Real Achievements

Desislava K. Gyurova

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 125-130
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i430349

High-quality food composition data should be representative of national food habits and consumption patterns. They should be generated according to established standard international guidelines so that they are comparable and reliable. Well-designed tables and databases should include a good selection of food components and majority of commonly consumed foods. However, this is often not the case as many tables only include raw foods and a small number of nutrients while processed and fortified foods are lacking.

The aim of this review is to focus on the importance of national food composition databases; to show the current status of the problem in Bulgaria; and priorities in the development of a new modern database; in order to attract the attention of stakeholders (government institutions, universities, research institutes, manufacturers and independent specialized laboratories).