Open Access Original Research Article

Resource Use Efficiency among Maize Farmers in Lere Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria

O. S. Aasa, R. Suleiman, U. U. Emeghara, U. F. Yahaya, O. E. Olagunju, N. E. Onwuegbunam, R. Akanni- John, L. Ganiyu, S. Omodona, O. Olukotun

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i130319

This study was carried out to analyzed the resource-use efficiency of maize production in Lere local government area of Kaduna state. Data were collected from a sample of 100 maize farmers selected through multi-stage sampling procedure using questionnaire and data collected were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics, production function and marginal value productivity analysis. The result showed that 82% were in their working age of between 21-50 years, majority of the farmers 53% were married, 91% had formal education, in terms of farming experience, majority (68%) of the respondent had farming experience that is above one year. The linear function gave the best fit with R2 of 70.2%. Production inputs such as fertilizer and agrochemicals significantly influence maize output in the study area.  Maize production in the study area has an increasing return to scale from the sum of elasticity of production (20.439). Land, labour, fertilizer, seed and agrochemicals were underutilized in maize production. Profit could be enhanced by increasing the quantity used of land, labour, fertilizer, seed and agrochemicals inputs, as well as their timely supply. It is also recommended that  financial support  in term of accessibility to credit facilities at low interest rate be given to farmers to allow them increase output and total revenue.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study of Similarities between Some Biblical and Qur’anic Verses

Muhammad Umar, Alhaji Musa. T., Ahmad B.

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 10-16
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i130320

Allah the mighty in power and mercy who sent Messengers and prophets in order to call and guide mankind to the right path, Prophets and Messengers were sent to different generations and nations except Muhammad (saw) who was sent to all mankind including Jins, they have different laws but the main point is the same i.e calling to oneness of Allah. Although their laws were different, there are certain similarities that do exist. Due to the fact that they were similar. The research work is aim to highlight the similarities that exist between some verses of the Glorious Quran and the Holy Bible in some aspects. However the study addressed the following problems; Religious followers assumed that laws concerning some aspects did not exist, mentioned or addressed in the both scriptures. For instance, laws concerning economic wellbeing i.e. corruption, usury, justice, alcoholism and fraud e.t.c. were not in both scriptures, therefore the study explained that all the laws were in existence and addressed in both scriptures and also enlighten the followers on how similar the books are in various aspect of life. The researcher used various methods in collecting relevant data partaining the subject under study. This includes primary data which includes interview of the scholars and gathering authentic information from the historians and secondary data which also includes the Glorious Quran, the Holy Bible, text books and articles. The study addressed the misperceptions that exist in the mind of some of the followers of the religions which make them to see that the scriptures have no any similarities in their laws as well as some acts were only permissible or prohibited in holy bible or glorious Qur’an. The study also found out that followers of both the scriptures that is; Islam and Christianity have common verses with regards to the teachings, laws and have similar injunctions. Thus recreate unity and good understanding among the followers of both the religions besides, misunderstandings of the scriptures will be addressed.

Open Access Original Research Article

Application of Hazard Quotient (HQ) for the Assessment of Potential Health Risk of Groundwater Users around Uyo Main Dumpsite

S. A. Nta, M. J. Ayotamuno, A. H. Igoni, R. N. Okparanma, I. J. Udom

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 17-23
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i130321

The present work aims at assessing the hazard quotient (HQ) in the groundwater samples collected around Uyo main refuse dumpsite. For calculating the HQ, 17 parameters, namely, temperature, pH, TDS, TSS, BOD, COD, nitrate, Cu, Ni, Pb, Cd, Cl, total phosphate, sulfate, EC, DO and turbidity were considered. The HQ for pH (1.0 – 1.1), temperature (1.2), TDS (0.0), TSS (0.4 – 0.5), BOD (0.5 – 1.0), COD (0.1), nitrate (0.0 – 0.6), Cu (0.7 – 0.8), Ni (0.2), Pb (5 – 16), Cd (3.0 – 10), Cl (0.3 – 0.4), phosphate (1.4 – 1.9), sulfate (0.0), EC (0.1), DO (1.6 – 1.9) and turbidity (0.2). The HQ of temperature, pH, DO, phosphate, Pb, and Cd in water samples were all greater than unity and thus posed a potential health risk for human oral consumption. The present study revealed that groundwater around Uyo village road waste dumpsite poses a health risk to groundwater resource users due to groundwater contamination by the leachate. Monitoring of this site is recommended as well as research by biomedical experts to reveal the rigorous adverse impacts that physio-chemical, and heavy metal contamination of groundwater might induce in humans, particularly among individuals in vulnerable populations. Also, the local authorities should be made aware of such health risks and provide potable water facilities either by treating the water or find alternative sources for drinking.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Government Expenditure on Economic Development: A Study of Selected West African Countries

Nneka Ogbonnaya- Udo, Kenechukwu Origin Chukwu

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 24-36
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i130322

The importance of government expenditure on the development of the economy cannot be underrated. As such, the study explored the effect of government expenditure on economic development of selected West African countries (2000-2018) using secondary data from World Bank and United Nations Development Annual report. The research work chose five West African countries as its sample and used Random effect of the panel analysis to test the effect of the explanatory variables (government expenditure on health, defence and education) on the dependent variable, economic development (proxy by Human Development Index). The finding of the study shows that government expenditure had insignificant but positive effect on human development index of selected West African countries within the timeframe of the study. The study therefore recommends among others that Government should increase its expenditure on education, health and security, tackle corruption and waste. West African countries should also ensure that funds allocated to these sectors are not diverted or funneled into private pockets.

Open Access Original Research Article

Teaching Algebraic Word Problems through Constructivism: The Real Classroom Evidence

Augustine Boadi, Emmanuel Acquandoh, Alfred Kofi Adams, Henry Kpai, Evans Atteh

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 37-51
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v14i130323

Aim: Due to constant effort by educators to find lasting solution to student’s poor performance in classrooms, there is the need to elaborate on the systematic processes that can be adopted and employed in mathematics classroom when teaching algebraic word problems to bring about meaningful learning in improving performance. Therefore, the study gathered data and analyzed it in the end to find out the effect of teaching through constructivism.

Study Design: Action research design was used for the study.

Methodology: The main instrument used for the study was test items (pre-test and post-test). The sample size for the study comprised of forty-six (46) students of which nineteen (19) were female students, and twenty-seven (27) were male students.

Results: In the pre–test (see Table 1), forty- two (42) out of the forty- six (46) students scored marks which are either less than half or half of the 30 marks for the test representing 91.3% of the total number of students as compared to the frequency distribution of the post – test scores (Table 2), where out of the forty six (46) students who took part in the test, thirty-eight (38) of them obtained more than half of the total mark of 30 for the test representing 82.7% of the total students number.

Conclusion: The findings from the results of the study confirmed that the use of constructivist approach of teaching and learning will assist the students to have the opportunity of using their own experience to create their conceptual understanding (ability and capability), which will consequently improve their academic performance. Therefore, it is recommended that regular professional development should be organized for mathematics teachers at all levels to refresh them on practical approaches to teaching mathematics through constructivism.