Open Access Original Research Article

Towards Effective Management of Fire Emergency and Risk Reduction in Public and Private Secondary Schools in Kwara State, Nigeria: Is There Emergency Preparedness Plan

A. E. Ilori, B. A. Sawa

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v11i430269

Emergency preparedness plan is a written manual that identifies and provides detailed understanding of what to be done or put in place, assign who to do what and directactions on how to carry out certain responsibilities in an emergency like fire outbreak for peace and tranquility in secondary schools. This study examined emergency preparedness plan availability in public and private secondary schools in Kwara State, Nigeria towards effective management of fire emergency and risk reduction. The objectives were to assess emergency preparedness plan availability in secondary schools, and using Kendall’s w-statistics to justify the responses. Eighteen (18) public and private secondary schools were sampled throughmulti-stage sampling technique. From the sampled schools, 13 principals, 143 teachers and 557 students were randomly sampled. Data were collected through interviews and questionnaires. The results were evaluated using frequency charts and Kendall’s coefficient of concordance (w). The findings revealed that no secondary school has emergency preparedness plan. Results also showed that secondary schools do not have safety committee(s) that will oversee school safety affairs against fire and other disasters. Kendall’s analysis revealed a low (.131) degree of agreement amongst the respondents on emergency preparedness plan availability.The null hypothesis tested at  = .05 level of significance was rejected since  (i.e.) and P-value of .0228 < .05. Hence, the research hypothesis () was accepted.It was concluded that secondary schools in Kwara State have no fire or any disaster/emergency preparedness plan and are not safe in the event of fire occurrence. The study recommends that the State’s Ministry of Education and Human Capital Development in collaboration with State Fire Service Headquarters, State Emergency Management Agency, school principals’ representative and other stakeholders should develop an agreeable emergency preparedness plan (manual) for secondary schools in the statesubject to annual reviews and amendments.

Open Access Original Research Article

Model for Implementing Cooperative Learning in a Mathematics Classroom

Evans Atteh, Augustine Boadi, Emmanuel Appoh Andam

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 14-19
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v11i430270

This paper identifies 5-step model that can be adopted or implemented by every mathematics teacher and various training settings to effectively move teaching and learning towards an active cooperative learning environment. This model is built upon existing ideas proposed over the years by scholars in education and best practices concerning effective teaching and learning environment which tends to equip teachers with very useful skills and guidelines for classroom instructions concerning cooperative learning approach. Consequently, this model can assist instructors to move teaching and learning towards an active cooperative learning environment which has been proven as more effective and enjoyable for teachers and students for learning.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study into the Supervision Styles Used by Building Contractors for Improving Craftsmen Performance in Anambra State, Nigeria

Obi Chukwuemeka Emmanuel, Ogunoh Peter Emenike, Ezeokoli Fidelis Okechukwu, Ohaedeghasi Christian Ifeanyi

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 20-27
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v11i430271

Poor productivity of construction craftsmen is one of the causes of cost and time overruns in construction projects. Successful delivery of construction of projects within the measurable tenets is driven by effective site supervision. Nevertheless, the inability of many supervisors to organize, communicate with workers, and direct activities sufficiently is primarily connected to the quality of the construction. Hence, this study examined how enhanced supervision styles can lead to the improvement of craftsmen performance in Anambra State, Nigeria. Being a survey research, the study employed the use of review of related literature and structured questionnaire. Accordingly, a total one hundred (100) questionnaires administered and seventy-five (75) were retrieved. This corresponds to a response rate of 75%. Data garnered were analysed and presented using relative importance index, mean scores and frequency tables. The study found out that listening to subordinates or supervisees was the most important supervision styles for improved building craftsmen performance in the study area. Therefore, the study concluded by recommending team work and effective communication channels should be adopted for improving building craftsmen performance as regards project delivery.

Open Access Original Research Article

Use of Bioequivalence Tests and Its Properties under Different Sampling Techniques

Faryal Basharat, Nasir Jamal, Muhammad Hanif, Usman Shahzad

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 36-45
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v11i430275

Bioequivalence testing is the initial approach for the analysis of quantitative determination of drugs and their metabolism in biological samples. In this research work its applications was tested and reviewed under different sampling techniques. The basic concept of bioequivalence testing crossover design was used to make assessment of medicine for breast cancer methotrexate and tamoxifen. Effectiveness of methotrexate at initial stage was 2.38 and at advance stage it was 1.85 which means it was 43% effective at initial stage while 38% effective in advance stage. Effectiveness of tamoxifen at initial stage 3.19 at advance stage 3.68 which means it was 52% effective at initial stage while 57% effective in advance stage. The relation of bioequivalence testing and distance base inference was highlighted. An attempt was made to analyze the efficiency of both medicines at initial and advance stage of diagnostic of breast cancer.

Open Access Review Article

Addressing Impact of COVID-19 Post Pandemic on Farming and Agricultural Deeds

Binita Timilsina, Nitu Adhikari, Sheetal Kafle, Susmita Paudel, Sushmita Poudel, Deepak Gautam

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 28-35
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v11i430272

COVID-19 global pandemic has badly hit the business of farmers whose story has largely been in the shadows. The main objective of this article is to highlight the connection of global pandemic with agricultural and food systems. For this, secondary data were collected through online portals, daily national newspapers, and published scientific articles and analyzed. The result shows that from pandemic to lockdown, locust to heavy rainfall, unsold crops to rotten crops, financial crisis to acute hunger, has brought agricultural activities to standstill, where people value only those who can produce food for them. It is high time for action and priority must be given to the farmers who are putting their hard work to thrive the whole world as that of police and health workers. The government needs to take vigorous steps to facilitate farmers using automated machinery facilities like autonomous tractors, seeding robots, robotic harvesters, drones and ICTs, toll-free numbers; enhancing quality seeds, fertilizers and direct financial funding on vulnerable farmers to build agricultural sector resilience to the pandemic.