Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Salinity Stress on Different Root and Shoot Traits of Selected Tomato Cultivars

Md. Omar Kayess, Md. Lutfar Rahman, Kawsar Ahmed, Md. Riad Khan, Md. Sahadat Hossan, M. S. Hossain, Mst. Mortuza Khanam, Dhanesh Chandra Pal

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v8i130188

An in-vitro test was conducted at the laboratory of the Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh to screen out the tomato genotypes were screened for salt tolerance during germination. The test was conducted in the Completely Randomized Design (CRD) utilizing three replications. Ten tomato genotypes specifically BARI Tomato-2, BARI Tomato-3, BARI Tomato-5, BARI Tomato-11, BARI Tomato-14, BARI Tomato-16, Mintoo, Unnoyon, Mintoo Super and Sawsan were germinated on sand bed watered with five levels of salinity treatment i.e. 0, 4,8,12 and 16 dSm-1. The test was laid out in completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications. The days to 50% germination was maximum in Unnoyon genotype in all the treatments [1]. BARI Tomato-3 showed the minimum value in most of the cases. Root and shoot parameters like root length, shoot length, shoot fresh weight, root fresh weight, shoot dry weight, root dry weight, ratio on root and shoot fresh weight, ratio on root and shoot dry weight were the highest in BARI Tomato-2, Mintoo and Unnoyon, in contrast, the lowest performance of these traits were revealed in BARI Tomato-16 and BARI Tomato-3 at higher salinity treatment (12 and 16 dSm-1) than other genotypes in most of the cases. The overall results of the experiment exhibited BARI Tomato-2, Mintoo and Unnoyon found to be the more tolerant genotypes at higher salinity stress in respect of days to 50% germination and root and shoot characters than other genotypes.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizer and Inter Row Spacing on Herbage Yield and Some Yield Components (Number of Leaves and Number of Tillers per Plant) of Rhodes Grass (Chloris gayana Tan) in the Dry Sub Humid Zone of Sokoto Nigeria

M. Mabu Isa, J. Ibrahim, Sani Usman Bah

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 10-21
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v8i130189

A field experiment was conducted during the 2016 and 2017 rainy seasons at Centre for Agriculture and Pastoral Research (CAPAR) of the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria to study the effect of nitrogen fertilizer and inter-row spacing on herbage yield and some yield parameters of Rhodes grass. A factorial combination of five fertilizer levels (0, 100, 120, 140 and 160 kgNha-1) and three inter row spacing (30, 50 and 70 cm) were used, making fifteen treatments combinations, which were laid out in a RCBD replicated four times. Determination of herbage dry matter yield at the end of 12 weeks post planting was carried out using a 0.25 m2 (0.5 m x 0.5 m) area metallic frame (Quadrat). The herbage was harvested at 5 cm above ground level using hand Sickle from the four plots for each treatment. The samples collected ware oven dried for the determination of dry matter yield, while determination of number of leaves and number of tillers per plant was done by counting the numbers of individual leave and tillers of each of the representative plant sample. The result revealed that, Application of 160 KgNha-1 generally produced higher (P < 0.05) dry matter yield, number of leaves and number of tillers compared to the rest of the treatment, There was no significant (P > 0.05) effect of inter row spacing in both 2016, 2017 and the years combined on herbage dry matter yield, however significant (P < 0.05) effect of spacing was observed in 2016, 2017 and the years combine on the numbers of leaves and numbers of tiller. Inter-row spacing of 70cm showed superiority among the treatments in the herbage yield compositions investigated compared to 50 and 30cm spacings.

Open Access Original Research Article

Lower Atmospheric Wind Dynamics as Measured by the 1290 MHz Wind Profiler Radar Located at Cardington (Lat. 52.10ºN, Long. 0.42ºE), UK and Their Comparisons with Near-by Radiosonde Instrument

M. Satyavani, P. S. Brahmanandam, P. S. V. Subba Rao, M. P. Rao

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 22-35
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v8i130190

This study reports diurnal variations of wind directions, wind speed of vector winds, and the evolution of boundary layer (BL) over a mid-latitude measured using a transportable 1290 MHz wind profiling radar located at Cardington (Lat. 52.10ºN; Long. 0.42ºE), Bedfordshire, UK from 17 to 28 April 2010. The horizontal winds show benign behavior during nighttime hours, while winds during daytime hours had magnitudes around, on average, 10-20 m/s, in the majority of the cases. The heights of the boundary layer (BL) varied from as low as ~1100 m to ~2600 km and BL height had shown to have evolved from 0700 universal time (UT) onwards and collapsed by 0000 UT.  Besides, a comparison made between winds measured by the 1290 MHz radar and near-by radiosonde showed a moderate similitude between them, albeit a few discrepancies are found in wind directions and speeds. The possible reasons for these discrepancies could be different volume sensing of observations of these independent observations. An attempt is, therefore, made to calculate radiosonde balloon drifts [1] for the ascending node of the balloons, which had confirmed that the balloons often drifted horizontally as long as up to 100 km. The large drifts, most probably, are the possible reasons for the mismatching of winds measured by these two independent remote sensing instruments.

Open Access Original Research Article

Abdominal CT Dose Examination for Adult Patient in Abuja and Keffi, Hospitals in Nigerian

U. Rilwan, G. C. Onuchukwu, L.K. Sabiu, H. A. Abdullahi, I. Umar

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 36-44
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2020/v8i130191

This study has established local diagnostic reference levels (LDRLs). Dose report and scan parameters for abdomen was assessed during the period of seven months at the three study centres. Data on CT Dose index (CTDIw) and dose length product (DLP) available and achieved on CT scanner control console was recorded for a minimum of 10 average sized patients for each facility to established a local Diagnostic reference level (LDRLs) and radiation dose optimization Data was collected using a purposive sampling technique, from 131 adult patients weighing 70±3 kg) from Philip brilliance, Toshiba Alexion and General Electric (GE) CT scanners for this study. Third quartile values of the estimated LDRLs for CTDIw and DLP was determined as 12.7 mGy and 560 mGy*cm. The mean CTDIw obtained are lower to the reported data from the European Commission of 35 mGy. The mean DLP are comparably lower than all the reported value from the European commission of 780 mGy/cm. Therefore, there is no any clinical implication and hence CT dose optimization is recommended.

Open Access Original Research Article