Open Access Case study

The Strategy of Instagram Use and the Installation of Modern Contemporary towards Millenial Generation’s Visiting Decision (Case Study in Yayoi Kusama Exhibition at Museum macan in Jakarta)

Yulianti, S. Kom, M. Hum, Yuni Deviyanti, S. E, M. E.

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v6i430158

An interactive and an instagrammable tourism destination absolutely becomes an opportunity for the management part to invite more millennial visitors. Museum Macan with Contemporary Installation by Yayoi Kusama gets special attention from millennial generation to come and to enjoy the works. The strategy of promotion and publication of Cooper (Attraction, Access, Amenities, and Ancillary) is applied by the management party to use Instagram. However, it still has lack that should be fixed since it becomes the supporting factor of this strategy. The lack that the research found is regarding service quality performed by the assistants/officers of the museum that leads to the negative comments on the Instagram account of Museum Macan. The observation in the museum was done by the researcher in August 2018 and the random survey was done through direct message to the followers’ Instagram accounts that have visited Museum Macan when Yayoi Kusama exhibition was conducted; the results obtained will be analyzed by using SWOT and Grand Matrix qualitative methods to obtain solutions of the problems occurring. The strategy of Cronin and Taylor in form of tangible, emphaty, reliability, responsiveness, dan assurance is implemented by the researcher to solve the service problems occurring at Museum Macan.

Open Access Original Research Article

Reversibility, Body Weight and Histo-architectural Alterations in the Anterior Pituitary Gland of Aqueous Azadirachta indica Extract Fed Wistar Rats

P. R. C. Esegbue, A. J. Uyovwiesevwa, G. T. Olowe, O. A. Udi

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v6i430157

Several studies have reported the importance of neem plant (Azadirachta indica) with results showing it to be both medicinal and pharmacological in the property. However, little or no available record(s) relates its effect on body weights and the anterior pituitary gland. Consequently, the current study investigated the effect of aqueous extract Azadirachta indica on the anterior pituitary gland using Wistar rats as an experimental model. Twelve (12) healthy male Wistar rats of between 130 – 150 g were grouped as follows; Group I (normal control) received normal rat feed ad libitum, experimental groups II and III received normal feed + 200 mg/kg and normal feed + 300 mg/kg of aqueous leave extract of Azadirachta indica respectively. For each group, Body weights were checked weekly for a total of three (3) weeks. At the end of the experiments, the animals were sacrificed, and histology of the pituitary glands was assessed. Result in a statistically insignificant increase (p< 0.05) in body weights of control compared with experimental rats, with mild observational elevation in pituitary histo-architecture for experimental compared to the control group. Thus, reversal weights are very supportive factors of Wistar rats and the histological effect of Azadirachta indica on the anterior pituitary gland in Wistar rats. The study also observed axonic fibres (using H and E x 10) with neural tissues in 200 mg/kg extract-treated rats, implicating an increase in cellularity, mild vascular congestion and tissue separation on Wistar rats.

Open Access Original Research Article

Business Environment and Small and Medium Enterprises Performance: Pragmatic Evidence from Oyo State, Nigeria

Fasesin, Oladipo Oluwafolakemi, Ajiboye, Folasade Abiodun, Aremu Atinuke Bukola

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v6i430159

The dynamic and rapidly changing business environment in which most businesses operate has made a significant impact on organizational survival and performance. This study seeks to examine the impact of the business environment on SMEs' performance in Nigeria with particular reference to Oyo State. A survey of 153 randomly selected SMEs from three cities in every three senatorial zones of Oyo State. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire designed for the study. Descriptive statistics and Multiple Regression were used to analyze the data. The results reveal that the business environment has a significant impact on SMEs' performance. Furthermore, the results also show that infrastructural facilities accessibility, financial related problems, technological changes and attitude of people to locally made products are the most environmental factors militating against SMEs survival in Nigeria. Subsequently, the study recommends that government should do the needful in terms of provision of infrastructural facilities and implantation of National Financial Inclusion Strategy (NFIS) of making sure that a financial system is accessible to all Nigerian adults, at an inclusion rate of 80%, and to promote the country’s economic growth.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Military and Public Participation in Disaster Rescue Operations in Ahoada East Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria

G. O. Chukwu-Okeah, J. J. Ebubechukwu, E. B. Okemini

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v6i430160

The study was carried out basically to examine military and public participation in disaster rescue operations in Ahoada East L.G.A of Rivers State, Nigeria. Four objectives alongside one hypothesis were set out for the study. A total of 400 respondents were sampled for the study with the use of the Taro Yamane formula, but on distribution of copies of the questionnaire, only 370 copies were returned completely filled for the study. This was thereafter used in the analysis of the study alongside the Chi-Square analytical tool, which was used for hypothesis testing. The findings of the study revealed that the people partnered with the military in different segments of the study area towards disaster rescue, mostly on security and intelligence gathering. Military and public participation concentrated on disaster rescue operations. These rescue operations seem to have an impact on the people of the area. It is also revealed that the attitude of the Government to disaster rescue operations in the area has been positive and effective. The study has also revealed that statistically there is a significant impact of Military and public participation in disaster rescue operations. The study therefore recommended that there is a need for community participation in decision making for disaster management, as this will easily facilitate better communication leading to overall acceptability of the locals with the rescue operations. This positive outcome propagates the need for encouraging a close interaction and partnership between the public and the military. Based on the study outcome a partnership is being built. Such a development would ensure effective disaster rescue operations, monitoring, response recovery and preparedness.

Open Access Original Research Article

Health Risk Assessment for Carcinogenic and Non-carcinogenic Heavy Metal Exposures from Pepper Fruits Cultivated In Katsina State, North West Nigeria

A. I. Yaradua, A. J. Alhassan, A. Nasir, S. S. Matazu, A. Usman, A. Idi, I. U. Muhammad, L. Shuaibu, H. Ibrahim

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v6i430161

This study was conducted to determine the heavy metals concentration in pepper fruits cultivated in Katsina state Nigeria. The objectives were mainly to detect the presence of heavy metals in the cultivated pepper fruits in the study area, compare the concentration of heavy metals in samples in relation to the permissible limits specified by WHO/FAO/USEPA Standards. Samples of the pepper fruits were collected in the year 2017 from the selected area. Analysis for the concentration of these heavy metals; Cr, Cd, Fe, Ni, Mn, Pb and Zn was conducted by the use of AAS (by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry) method. The health risks to the local inhabitants from the consumption of the samples were evaluated based on the Target Hazard Quotient. The possibility of cancer risks in the samples through intake of carcinogenic heavy metals was estimated using the Incremental Lifetime Cancer Risk. Results from this study has shown that with the exception of the mean values for the heavy metal Pb (1.200-1.333 mg/kg), the mean concentration range (mg/kg) values of Fe (0.901-0.967), Zn (0.899-0.911), Mn (0.250-0.287), Cd (0.053-0.0556) in the samples were generally lower than the USEPA, WHO/FAO maximum permissive limits. With the heavy metals Cr and Ni being below detection level (BDL) The results have indicated that the estimated daily intake (EDI) of the heavy metals were lower than the tolerable daily intake limit set by the USEPA in all the samples. Risk level of Target Hazard Quotient (THQ < 1) was observed for all the evaluated heavy metals for both adults and children. The THQ for the samples were in the decreasing order Mn>Zn>Pb>Fe>Cd, for all the pepper fruits respectively. The sequence of risk was the same for both adults and children although the children had higher THQ values in all cases. ILCR for Cd violated the threshold risk limit (>10−4) and ILCR for Pb reached the moderate risk limit (>10−3) in all the studied samples in adults, While in children ILCR for both Pb and Cd violated the risk. The sampling area trend of risk for developing cancer as a result of consuming the studied samples showed in decreasing order: Funtua senatorial zone > Daura senatorial zone> Katsina senatorial zone for both adult and children. The Cumulative cancer risk (∑ILCR) of all the studied pepper fruits reached the moderate risk limit (>10−3) in adults, while in children it is above the moderate risk limit (>10−2). Among all the studied samples, pepper sample from Funtua senatorial zone has the highest chances of cancer risks (ILCR 6.863273 × 10−3 in adults; ILCR 1.715815 × 10−2 in children) and pepper sample from Katsina senatorial zone has the lowest chances of cancer risk (ILCR 6.260100 × 10−3 in adults; ILCR 1.565025 × 10−2 in children). The study suggests that consumption of the studied pepper fruits in Katsina state is of public health concern as they may contribute to the population cancer burden.