Open Access Short Research Article

Personality Traits and Academic Underachievement of Secondary School Students in Bayelsa State

Demaro E. Taiwo, Glory N. Amadi

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v5i230126

The study investigated the relationship between personality traits and academic underachievement among secondary school students in Yenagoa and Ekeremor local government areas in Bayelsa State. Correlational Survey research design was used for the study with a focus on three personality traits namely; openness to experience, conscientiousness and extraversion. The population of the study consisted of 3,610 SSII students in the two local government areas. Three instruments were used to gather the needed data; they are Bakare’s Progressive Matrices (BPM) which was used to identify students with high mental ability, Teachers Made Achievement Test (TMAT) and Students’ Personality Descriptive Scale (SPTDS). Purposive sampling techniques were used to draw a sample of 200 students identified as underachievers while simple random sampling technique was used to select the schools for the study. Pearson products moment correlation was used to answer the research questions and probability level with chosen alpha level of 0.05 used to test the hypotheses. The study found out that there was a significant negative relationship between openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion and academic underachievement among the senior secondary school students in Ekeremor and Yenagoa local government area. Based on the findings it was recommended among others that the government should establish effective guardian and counselling units in all the secondary schools in the local government areas to guide both high and low achieving students.

Open Access Short communication

Epidemiological Investigation, Monitoring and Surveillance; Strategies in Public Health Sustenance

Ekwem Ikechukwu, Ilochi Ogadinma, Arthur Nwafor Chuemere

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v5i230130

Monitoring, surveillance and investigation of health threats are vital capabilities for an effective health system. The International Health Regulations require countries to maintain an integrated, national system for public health surveillance and response and set out the core capabilities that countries are required to achieve. Public health laws typically establish a list of “notifiable diseases” and other conditions that health care providers, hospitals and/or laboratories are required to report to the relevant local or national public health authority. Notifiable diseases generally include infectious diseases that can quickly spread throughout communities and regions via water, food, contact with animals, mosquitoes, airborne droplets or through sexual contact and other forms of human interaction. Rare and new events may not be included in regular, clinical and laboratory-based surveillance systems. Also, outbreaks of serious or contagious diseases require immediate investigation so that appropriate public health measures including isolation and contact tracing can be implemented. A significant degree of stigma may be attached to some diseases. Notifiable disease legislation should require the protection of personal information, and clearly define any exceptions. Concerns about discrimination and breach of privacy may be addressed by requiring certain diseases to be reported on an anonymous or de-identified basis.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Socio Economic Status (SES) on Foot Length, Palm Length, and Mid-finger Length of School Going Children (8-10 Years Old) in Mumbai

Hiral Thakkar, Rupali Sengupta

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v5i230127

Aims: To Study the effect of Socioeconomic status (SES) of foot length, palm length and mid finger length on School going Children (Age:-8-10 years) in Mumbai city.

Study Design: A survey research design was adopted for measurement and data collection. Foot length was analysed by Standardized measuring tape, Palm length and mid-finger length was analyzed by Calliper, Height (cm) was analysed by stadiometer. The unit of measurement used was centimetre (cm).

SES was coded according to Kuppuswamy scale [1].

Place and Duration of Study: The time span required to carry out study was from November to March 2018-2019 in Mumbai city.

Methodology: Total 319 subjects (male & female) participated ranging from public to private schools in Mumbai city, (Maharashtra, India). Kuppuswamy scale (2018) was used to analyse the SES of the subjects. SPSS software version 20 was used for data analysis.

Results: A positive striking correlation was observed between height and different socio economic status at p <0.05 (.001). Maximum height was found among upper class (129.58±6.88), further the lowest mean value of height (124.00 ± 6.34) was noted among the upper lower class. However, foot length and mid-finger length showed highly significant difference statistically at p <0.05 (.000). Although the maximum foot length was found among upper lower class (3.0287± 0.33), further the lowest mean value of foot length (1.0599 ± 0.40), was noted among the lower class and also, higher treatment value (6.195± 0.60) for mid-finger length was found amongst the upper middle class and lower treatment value amongst lower class (5.700 ± 0.34). Moreover, a significant correlation was observed between palm length and Socio-economic status at p <0.05 (.019). Also, the highest statistical association of the palm length to the Socio-economic status of the samples (9.412±3.72) was observed among Upper lower class subjects, Whereas lowest level of palm length was depicted in lower class (7.757 ± 0.82) category. 

Open Access Original Research Article

Simulation of an Enhanced Network Security Framework for Federal Polytechnic Mubi

O. Sarjiyus, D. Bala

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-18
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v5i230128

The research, Simulation of an enhanced network security framework for Educational Enterprise system such as Federal Polytechnic Mubi was carried out of the desire to protect the enterprise network against accidental or deliberate attempt to modify or temper with valuable data. The aim is to develop a workable security framework for the enterprise network of Federal Polytechnic, Mubi while focusing on parameters such as authenticity, confidentiality, integrity and non-repudiation of data. These problems were solved in the research by securing unused ports with encrypted passwords and securing access lines of all network devices such as routers and switches. The methodology adopted for the system development was the survey method and this is because it provides reliable results used to identify network security problems and experimental methods for the construction of the framework. While data was elicited from extensive review of related journals articles, lecture notes, textbooks, face to face interview and interaction with relevant stakeholders. Design tools such as Diaw were used to produce structure diagrams effectively. Cisco Packet Tracer was then used to carry out the simulation process and the results was found to be in tune with the overall objective of the design.

Open Access Original Research Article

Yield and Nutritional Value of Abelmoshus esculentus L. (Okra) and Telfairia occidentalis Hook, F. (Fluted pumpkin) as Influenced by Beauty Salon Wastewater

Akinbuwa, Olumakinde, Kekere, Otitoloju, Ezemba, Constance

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v5i230129

The effect of beauty salon wastewater on yield and nutritional quality of Abelmoschus esculentus L. and Telfairia occidentalis F. was investigated. Plants were grown in perforated polythene bags filled with 3 kg of top soil and irrigated with 0 (control), 25, 50, 75 and 100% of the wastewater.  Plants were laid out in a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 5 treatments with 6 replicates per treatment. Results showed that the yield parameters of Abelmoschus esculentus including number of fruits/plant, fruit fresh weight and dry weight increased at 25-75% concentrations but decreased at highest concentration of 100%  wastewater in comparison with the control.  Similarly, the total biomass of Telfairia occidentalis and Abelmoschus esculentus increased at 25-75% concentrations of wastewater. The N, K, Ca and Na composition of the leaf of T. occidentalis and fruits of A. esculentus increased at all wastewater treatment levels. The percentage ash and protein increased in both plants treated with the wastewater. Lipid content increased while the fibre content decreased in T. occidentalis whereas in A. esculentus fibre content increased while the lipid content decreased in comparison to the control. Percentage carbohydrate increased in both plants treated with the wastewater. The use of beauty salon wastewater in irrigation of vegetables would not only reduce environmental pollution but also serve as an alternative source of fertilizer for vegetable production.