Open Access Short Research Article

Comparative Studies on Synthetic and Agricultural Product on Lysine Production by Alcaligenes aquatilis

C. B. Nwokolo, N. N. Uchefuna, I. A. Ekwealor, C. T. Ezeh, C. C. Ezemba

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v5i130121

Production of lysine by Alcaligenes aquatilis from agricultural sub-products (banana and soybean) was compared to glucose and ammonium sulphate as a carbon and nitrogen source. Ammonium sulphate was constant as a nitrogen source when the two carbon sources were investigated and glucose constant as a carbon source when the nitrogen sources were investigated. The production of lysine was examined quantitatively by acidic ninhydrin method. The results showed that banana and soybean improved the maximum lysine yield (1.158 mg/ml and 1.279 mg/ml) for the fermentation period of 96 hrs.

Open Access Original Research Article

Appraisal of Factors Influencing Small and Medium Enterprises (SMES) in Textile Sub-sector in Yoruba Land, Southwest Nigeria

T. S. Kareem, K. O. Oyeniyi, F. A. Ajiboye

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v5i130122

SMEs in the textile sub-sector are the main players in domestic economic activities, especially as providers of job opportunities for unemployed youths. However, the sector has been devilled by the high influx of counterfeit and smuggled goods which have resulted in low patronage of Nigerian-made textiles materials. This study, therefore, seeks to appraise the factors influencing SMEs in the textile sub-sector in Yoruba Land, Southwest, Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 50 indigenous textile entrepreneurs from Iseyin, Oyo State, Nigeria. The study employed primary data, sourced through structured questionnaire Descriptive statistics such as frequency, simple percentage, and mean were used to analyze the data. Results reveal that the major motivating factors are; employment generation, to have control over life, opportunity to create a fortune, high job security, and impressive profit attraction. Results also reveal that the high influx of counterfeit and smuggled goods are most factors affecting the performance of SMEs in textiles in Nigeria. Subsequently, the study recommends that the federal government should earmark a substantial amount to bail out the SMEs in the textile sub-sector and also to ban the importation of textiles. This will ultimately drive many young graduates into the sector.

Open Access Original Research Article

Persian Walnut in Vietnam: A Potential Fruit Tree for Poverty Reduction

Nguyen Toan Thang, Dang Van Thuyet, Nguyen Quang Hung, Vu Tien Lam, Ninh Viet Khuong, Phung Dinh Trung, Tran Hoang Quy, Nguyen Huu Thinh, Pham Quang Tuyen, Hoang Thanh Son, Trinh Ngoc Bon, Ho Trung Luong, Nguyen Van Tuan, Duong Quang Trung, Nguyen Thi Thu Phuong, Dao Trung Duc, Tran Van Do

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v5i130123

Persian walnut, Juglans regia L., is a long-lived, wind-pollinated and deciduous tree, which produces large, woody, shelled and edible nuts. J. regia is one of the most economically important cultivated species for timber and nutritious nuts. Its nuts have medicinal importance for human health by high antioxidant capacity. J. regia has been planted in Northern Vietnam for decades. In this study, a survey was conducted in three provinces to understand current planting sites and production of planted trees. The results indicated that J. regia was planted personally in gardens of local people in Lai Chau, Lao Cai and Ha Giang provinces, sharing borderlines with China. The planted trees are 10-30 years old with some exceptions of up to 40-50 years old. Generally, each household owns 2-3 fruited trees with some exceptions of up to 10 trees. After planting 7 years, trees fruit annually. However, the production varies among trees. A best 20-25-year-old tree can yield 55 kg fruits/year with current market price of 1.5 US$/ 1 kg fruits. There exists high variation of fruit production among planted sites, as results of climate difference, and unknown source and sexual propagation seedlings. It is concluded that to establish an extensive plantation of J. regia for high fruit production, selecting superior genotypes from local populations should be conducted, then vegetative propagation such as grafting should be applied to produce good and uniform seedlings.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Effect of Charcoal and NPK Fertilizer on the Growth of Two Peppers Varieties on the Sandy Loamy Soil in Sinyea, Liberia

James Flomo Gaydaybu, Moses Mulbah Waiwaiku, Philip G. S. Ndaloma, Francis Gbelee, Lamin K. M. Fatty

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v5i130124

This research shows the effect of charcoal and NPK fertilizer on the growth of two pepper (Capsicum annum L) Varieties. The treatment levels were: control (no treatment), charcoal (2 tons ha-1), NPK 15:15:15(150 kg ha-1) and charcoal and NPK combination. The experimental plots were 32 in total with 1.5 squares meter each and treatments were replicated 2 times in each block with 4 blocks in total. The Factorial Design was conducted and fitted with Complete Randomized Block Design Method to assigned plots with treatments and pepper varieties. The growth parameters considered were: plant height, number of leaves, number of branches, leaves length, leaves width and plant diameter. The data analyzed indicated that Local pepper performed better than Jalapeno pepper for all treatments. For plant height charcoal plots performed better than control with these means 28 cm, 64 cm and 72 cm for date 1, 2, and 3 respectively (Date 1, 2 and 3 as 30, 60 and 90 days after transplanting respectively). The Local pepper performed better than Jalapeno in growth with these plant height means 31 cm, 86 cm, and 96 cm for date 1, 2, and 3 respectively. Bigger stem diameters were recorded for the Local pepper and even wider leaf. The Local pepper performed better than the Jalapeno pepper at all levels of growth. The combination of charcoal and NPK had the best growth results over all the treatments.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effects of Employees’ Perception of Organizational Injustice on Commitment to Work among Staff of Lagos State Fire Service

Emmanuel E. Etim, Gbolabo O. Okudero

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v5i130125

Human resources managers have attempted, at different points, to figure out ways to prevent the perception of organizational injustice among employees. The perception of injustice has been found to be one of the most influential factors that affect commitment in the workplace. This study examines the effects of employees’ perception of injustice on commitment to work among staff of Lagos State Fire Service. The survey research design was utilized, through the administration of the questionnaire, for the collection of factual data that are measurable and quantifiable. Equity and Social exchange theories were applied to aid proper understanding of this phenomenon. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that perceived distributive, procedural, as well as interpersonal injustices, affect employees' commitment to work as exhibited among Fire Fighters in Lagos State. It was recommended that managers should ensure that employees perceive justice and fairness as they discharge their duties in the organization. They should introduce reward determination processes and practices, performance evaluation as well as employee-manager relationship. Findings of this research will contribute to knowledge on the drivers of employees’ commitment to work and sustainable employer-employee relations.