Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Problem-solving Teaching Technique on Students’ Stoichiometry Academic Performance in Senior Secondary School Chemistry in Nigeria

Etokeren, Inibehe Sunday, Kingdom-Aaron Gloria Ibemenji, J. I. Alamina

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v4i330110

Aims: This study addressed the effect of problem-solving technique on students’ academic performance in stoichiometry in Senior Secondary Schools in Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria.

Study Design: Quasi-experimental design specifically pre-test post-test control groups non-randomized design was adopted

Place and Duration of Study: Senior Secondary Schools in Port Harcourt Local Government Area of Rivers State located at the South-South Geopolitical Zone of Nigeria and lasted for four weeks.

Methodology: The population comprised of 520 senior secondary 2 chemistry students from private and public schools. 105 SS2 chemistry students representing 61 males and 44 females from intact classes of selected schools formed the sample. The instrument was Stoichiometry Achievement Test developed by the researcher and reliability coefficient calculated to be 0.79.  Three research questions and three hypotheses were used in the study. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while the hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Variance at .05 level of significance.

Results: Findings of the study revealed a significant difference in performance between students taught stoichiometry using problem-solving technique (experimental) and those taught using conventional lecture method (control). Students exposed to problem-solving technique obtained higher score in performance test than those in conventional lecture method. Furthermore, there was a significant difference in students’ performance based on gender (male and female) and school type (private and public). 

Conclusion: The study therefore, concludes that problem-solving technique is more effective and enhance students understanding than traditional lecture method. The study recommended that chemistry teachers should incorporate problem-solving in teaching stoichiometry and related concepts and present curriculum should be reviewed to recommend problem-solving technique.

Open Access Original Research Article

Attitude and Academic Success in Practical Agriculture: Evidence from Public Single-Sex High School Students in Ibadan, Nigeria

Olutosin A. Otekunrin, Oluwaseun A. Otekunrin, Leah O. Oni

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-18
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v4i330111

This study examined the attitude and academic performance of public single-sex (Boys’ and Girls’ only) high school students in the teaching and learning of Agricultural Science in the aspect of practical knowledge of Agriculture. We investigated whether there were significant differences in the mean achievement test scores of students in practical Agriculture in the selected schools. We also examined the relationship between their academic performance in practical agriculture and their attitude to the subject. The study was a descriptive survey design carried out at Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. Six public single-sex (Boys’ and Girls’ only) schools were randomly selected from three Local Government Areas (LGAs) within Ibadan Zone comprising eleven LGAs in 2018. Sixty-nine Senior Secondary School (SSS III) students were randomly selected in Boys’ only (3) schools while ninety-seven students were randomly selected in Girls’ only (3) schools giving a total of 166 students that participated in this study. Practical Agricultural Science Students’ Achievement Test (PASSAT) and Students’ Attitude towards Practical Agriculture Questionnaire (SATPAGQ) were used for data collection. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Multiple Comparison techniques and t-test for equality of means. The ANOVA test was significant (p = .00). Post Hoc (Tukey HSD) test, a multiple comparison technique on the ANOVA showed that PASSAT mean scores obtained by one Girls’ only school was significantly different from one Boys’ only schools another two Girls’ only schools’ mean scores at 5% significant level. It was found that availability of school farm, use of instructional materials  were not enough to bring about significant boost in academic success in PASSAT especially in three of the schools with less than average mean scores of 34.51, 40.23 and 44.07. The study therefore recommended that government and relevant stakeholders (Parents-Teachers Association, Old Boys’ and Girls’ Association among others) should provide human resources and needed infrastructural facilities for effective teaching and learning of Agricultural Science in both single-sex and Co-educational schools for better academic performance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Participation of Rural Women in Income Generating Activities from Agricultural Model Farm Project

Anwarul Haque, M. H. Bhuiyan, M. S. Ali, M. N. Uddin, M. K. Haque, T. A. Rimi

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v4i330112

This study was conducted mainly to have an understanding about the participation of rural women in Bangladesh in income generating activities initiated by Agricultural Model Farm (AMF) project of Sabalamby Unnayan Samity (SUS), a famous NGO in Bangladesh. This also explained the relationship between extent of women participation in income generating activities initiated by AMF project of SUS and their selected characteristic. Data were collected from a sample of 90 rural women from 12 selected SUS groups in two unions namely Amtala and Singher Bangla of Sadar upazila of Netrokona district in Bangladesh. Data were collected through interview schedule during 20 April 2008 to 20 May 2008. Majority (47.78 percent) rural women had favorable participation, while 36.67 percent had moderate favorable participation and there was no respondent under unfavorable participation. Findings also indicate that 80 percent rural women had high participation in AMF project activities, (81.11 percent) had medium training exposure. Correlation analysis indicates that the characteristics of the rural women such as age, family size, family farm size, farming experience, duration of involvement with SUS and training exposure had no significant relationship with the extent of participation in AMF project activities. On the other hand farming experience had positive relationship with their participation in income generating activities initiated by AMF project of SUS.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study on Effect of Sleep Patterns on Body Fat Mass of School Going Children (8-10- Years Old) in Mumbai City

Nehal Satra, Rupali Sengupta

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v4i330113

Aims: To study the effect of sleep patterns on body fat mass of school going children (8-10-year-old) in Mumbai city.

Study Design: Body fat mass was analyzed using Inbody 120 body composition analyzer. Total 388 subjects were selected for the study.

Place and Duration of Study: The period required to carry out study was from November 2018 to March 2019. 388 subjects (male and female) participated from public to private schools in Mumbai city for the study.

Methodology: Total 388 subjects (male and female) participated from 5 schools ranging from public to private school were selected from Mumbai city, (Maharashtra, India). Inbody 120 body composition analyzer was used to assess body fat for the subjects. SPSS version 20 was used for data analysis.

Results: A positive correlation was observed between wakeup timings and body fat mass at p≤0.05 (0.00). However, the habit of snoring showed highly significant difference at p≤0.05 for body fat mass (0.00) and fat free mass (0.00).

Conclusion: It was concluded that sleep patterns had a significant impact on body fat mass. Therefore, the sleep timings and wakeup timings need to be observed for the children in their growing age as it may have deep impact on child’s body type.

Open Access Review Article

The Effective Agricultural Extension Approach

Bahgat M. Abdel-Maksoud

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2019/v4i330114

This paper is a review article. It depended on information obtained from secondary sources (books and scientific journals). The main purposes of this paper were to: review the definition of extension approach and present various types of agricultural extension approaches defined by researchers, determine attributes of the effective agricultural extension approach and qualities and necessary conditions for this approach, review different methodologies used to measuring the effectiveness of agricultural extension approaches, propose  determinants of the effectiveness measurement of extension approaches, and finally to present the application of extension approaches in Egypt.