Open Access Original Research Article

Potable Water and Sanitation Practices among Pupils in Some Selected Primary Schools in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

H. O. Stanley, C. J. Ugboma, V. C. Okeke, E. Olodiama, E. G. Odubo, T. E. Oboro

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2018/v2i429765

Nearly half of all children in developing countries have infections or disease associated with inadequate water supply and sanitation. This study aimed at assessing sanitation practices and available sources of water supply in selected primary schools in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. A descriptive cross sectional survey was used in this study. The primary schools and pupils were selected by random sampling. Results revealed that sanitation facilities in the schools were grossly insufficient. Where available, the facilities were overused and poorly maintained. The study also showed that potable water supply in the schools was inadequate. Sachet water was the main source of water supply in the study area. Sanitation facilities in the study area were inadequate and impacted on the sanitation practices of the pupils. The level of awareness towards sanitation education among the pupils was quite high and encouraging. The sanitation practices and potable water supply were generally not satisfactory, putting the pupils at risk of infectious diseases associated with inadequate water supply and sanitation.

Open Access Original Research Article

Support on Families with Autistic Children: An Exploratory Research

W. A. H. Wan Nooraini, Z. M. Lukman, R. Normala, C. Azlini, M. Y. Kamal

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2018/v2i429769

Aim: The aim of this paper is to exploratory research support on Families with Autistic Children. Objective research is needed for identifying helpful resources and helping families with autistic children.

Methods: The approximated number of participants that answered the questionnaire are 406 people and consists of men and women. Process data collection is through the research which circulated to participants consisting of families with autistic children. After the research was ends and data already gathered, the researcher will access data achieved forcleaning data and then data will be analysed.

Results: The results revealed four support resources is a best social support that is spouses (husband/wife), another child, grandparents, and doctors as the percentage of support provided are very high compared to support from other sources. To achieve the objective, researchers have identified the "helpful" and " very helpful" support of the autism family as a result of the research findings. If seen, these four groups have a great influence on the lives of parents while managing their children with autism.

Conclusion: Parents or guardians have identified many positive and supportive aspects that really help them at all levels of support available. To meet the needs of these autism children, parents or guardians need to find the best source of support to produce quality attitudes that are caring, knowledgeable and caring in other communities. Parents or guardians specifically require the support of outsiders as the support is flexible and can find dynamic needs to meet the needs of families with these autism children.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Impact of Glass Ceiling on Career Development of Executive Level Female Employees in Financial Sector in Kandy District

Lourdes Dilakshini Victor, Faizal Antanat Shamila

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2018/v2i429773

In Sri Lanka even though women represent more than half of the population, their labour force participation rate is less than men. Men's participation in the labour force is twice as women's. In recent years women and gender issues have become a major area of concern. Even seminars, workshops and conferences are being held over the world to discuss women issues and women advancement in all spheres of life, still it exists the barriers for women career development.

This study was entirely design by centering the focal problem of impact of glass ceiling on career development. This study also attempts to identify the contribution factors which create the glass ceiling effect on women career development. The study was conducted to find out the impact of glass ceiling on women career development of executive level female employees in Financial Sector in Kandy district and hypotheses were developed to find out whether there is a significant impact of individual, family, organisational and cultural factors on women career development. The data were collected from 144 executive level female respondents out of 157 executive level female employees in Financial Sector at Kandy district with a structured questionnaire. For presenting and analysing the data both descriptive and inferential statistics were used through SPSS 19.0 version and the results were derived.

The major finding of this study revealed that the glass ceiling and women career development has small negative relationship and individual, family and cultural factors have a significant impact on women career development while organisational factors have an insignificant impact on women career development. Further, in this study Adjusted R2 of women career development is 0646. It is explained that 64.6% of women career development is explained by glass ceiling. The conclusion was finally made that there are significant impact of the glass ceiling on women career development of executive level female employees in the financial sector at Kandy district.

Open Access Original Research Article

Comparison for the Effectiveness of Column Purified Fractions of Allium cepa Bulbs and Allium sativum Cloves against Bulinus globosus (Intermediate Host of Urinary Schistosomiasis) in Sokoto, Nigeria

J. Suleiman, Kiran Singh, A. Y. Bala, M. T. Muhammad, A. Abdullahi, M. S. Yakubu

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2018/v2i429774

Synthetic molluscicides widely used for the control of urinary schistosomiasis are expensive, toxic to non-target organisms, not available and may have deleterious long-term effects in the environment. The aim of this research is to compare the efficacy of column purified fractions of Allium cepa and Allium sativum against Bulinus globosus specimens (intermediate host of urinary schistosomiasis) under laboratory conditions as an increment for the cheaper, non-toxic, available way of controlling urinary schistosomiasis. Extracts were obtained using cold maceration method with methanol as a polar solvent; column purification was achieved using silica gel (stationary phase) while ethyl acetate and n-hexane (mobile phase); thirteen fractions were collected from each plant and each fraction contained 10ml of the eluent; the fractions were left open for 48 hours for evaporation of the solvents. Experiments were performed according to the methodology described by the World Health Organization for molluscicidal activity tests; each treatment was replicated three times; mortality was recorded after each 24 hours up to 96 hours. The results showed that; A. sativum was more effective against B. globosus as compared with A. cepa with statistical significant difference (P<0.05) and LC50 were 15.60mg/l and 19.37mg/l for the efficacy of A. cepa and A. sativum respectively. It was concluded that, although, A. cepa purified fractions are more effective than A. sativum against B. globosus, both of the plants species may be helpful in snail control at acceptable doses since the plant extracts caused mortality of the snail.

Open Access Original Research Article

Treasury Single Account and the Performance of Banking Sector: A Study of Selected Deposit Money Banks in Oyo State, Nigeria

Oyedele, Oloruntoba, Oyewole, Olabode Michael, G. T. Ayo-Oyebiyi

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2018/v2i429778

The banking sector in any country plays a fundamental role in increasing the level of economic activity. However, the implementation of treasury single account has been devilled its performance. This study therefore investigates the implication of treasury single account on the performance of Nigerian Deposit Money Banks. Quantitative analysis was used in this research, with data collected by the researchers. Five banks (Zenith Bank, First Bank Plc, UBA, Access Bank and Guaranty Trust Bank) were selected through purposive method. Judgmental sampling technique was also used to select Head of Operation, Accountant and Branch Manager from 10 branches each of the selected bank in Oyo State, Nigeria, totaling 150 respondents as a sample size for the study. Data collection instrument used was a structured questionnaire and data analysis was performed with the aid of Ordinary Least Square method of estimation. Result shows that implementation of Treasury Single Account has significant relationship with closure of branches, withdrawal syndrome from the banking system, liquidity crisis and unemployment crisis in Deposit Money Banks. Subsequently, the study recommends that banks should focus on their core banking operations rather than feeding on government idle funds kept into various accounts by Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs). Also, banks should sensitize people on the importance of baking culture instead of them keeping their money under their pillow, inside their farms and underground.