Open Access Short Research Article

Occurrence of Gas Charged Sediments and Pock Marks in “Semob” Fields Offshore Western Niger Delta: Implications for Offshore Operations

Chuku, Chibuzor H., Odigi, Minapuye I., Ideozu, Richmond U., Ibe, Chidi A.

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2018/v1i313069

The safe delivery of operations in offshore province is dependent on the availability of high fidelity information of the geological state of the sea floor. Sediments and sedimentary processes determine the sea bed composition and bathymetry. The study was done in the inner shelf environment of Gulf of Guinea, in Niger Delta. The acoustic equipment used is side scan sonar and sub-bottom profiler and they work with geophysical principles of sea floor sediments acoustic reflectivity and refraction. The acquisition, processing and interpretation of data reveal the existence of gas charged sediments between the sea bed and the lithified layer(strong seismo stratigraphic layer) and the existence of genetically related depressions with surrounding rings of sand called pock marks which vary between 3 m-10 m in diameter on the sea floor. The gas charged sediments thickness ranges from 20 m-25 m. The areas of the ‘Semob’ fields that have gas charged sediments and pock marks are liable to endanger the installation and safety of subsea facilities, offshore operations and sea going vessels. Therefore, are geohazards areas and should be avoided.

Open Access Original Research Article

Mitigations in Lipid Profile Levels with Duration-Dependent Exercise Intensities in Overweight and Obese Females

R. N. Ativie, A. O. Naiho, G. T. Olowe, T. O. Awotidebe, J. Agono, O. M. Odigie, J. C. Igweh

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2018/v1i313055

Although known for its role in clogging arteries and pathogenesis of heart diseases and stroke, cholesterol (and similar lipids) is also useful in the bio-synthesis of sex and adrenal hormones. Studies have shown three forms of cholesterol-carrying proteins in the blood: high-density lipoproteins (HDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL). With LDL and VLDL being the “bad cholesterol”, this study investigated the effect(s) of a 10-week interval exercise training and a 10-week continuous exercise training on total body Cholesterol, HDL, LDL, VLDL and Triglycerides (TAGs) in obese and overweight females. To approach this, one hundred and eleven (111) overweight and obese female subjects (aged between 18-65 years) were ethically recruited and grouped into three of thirty-seven (37) subjects each; (CETG = Continuous Exercise Training Group, IETC = Interval Exercise Training Group, and CG = Control group). While CG had no form of exercise training, IETC received alternate intensity training in ratio 1:3 as 30 seconds of high-intensity exercise with an alternate 90 seconds of low-intensity exercise. Subjects in CETG received similar treatments as IETC but without the low-intensity phase. In both cases, exercise intensity was 65% of heart rate maximum for 20 minutes at the first 2 weeks and was subsequently increased by 5% intensity and 5 minutes duration every 2 weeks till the 10th week with proper profiling and record of serum lipid levels (cholesterol, LDL, VLDL, HDL and TAGs) in each case. Analysis of the differences in mean (ANOVA) for obtained records showed a statistically significant decrease in cholesterol, LDL, VLDL and TAGs after 10 weeks of high-intensity continuous exercise training and a statistically significant increase in HDL after 10 weeks of high-intensity interval exercise training. Thus, lipid profile levels were positively affected by continuous mode of aerobic exercise. Similar but advanced studies with dietetic implications are recommended for further explanation of the reasons for the observed differences.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Different Kinesio Taping Applications on Ankle Range in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy: A Comparative Study

Alaa N. Kora, Faten H. Abdelazeim, Khaled A. Olama, Ehab R. Abdol Raouf, Osama R. Abdelraouf

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2018/v1i313059

Background and Purpose: Spastic cerebral palsy is accompanied with an increase in calf muscles’ spasticity and a decrease in the ankle range of motion. The purpose of the study was to compare muscle inhibitory with functional corrective Kinesio taping applications on children with spastic cerebral palsy.

Methods: Thirty two children with spastic cerebral palsy were selected from the outpatient clinic of the faculty of Physical Therapy Cairo University. Muscle inhibitory and functional corrective Kinesio taping applications in addition to physical therapy program were applied for three successive months. Digital Goniometer was used to assess the ankle range of motion pre and post Kinesio tape applications.

Results: The study revealed that that the functional corrective Kinesio taping is more effective in increasing ankle range of motion than the muscle inhibitory.

Conclusion: Functional Corrective Kinesio tape application is recommended for increasing ankle range of motion in children with spastic cerebral palsy.

Open Access Original Research Article

Improved Estimator of Finite Population Variance Using Coefficient of Quartile Deviation

Komal Javed, Nasir Jamal, Muhammad Hanif, Muhammad Ali, Usman Shahzad, Amelia Victoria Garcia Luengo

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2018/v1i313065

This study introduces a new, better, class of ratio estimators for the estimation of population variance of the study variable by using the coefficient of quartile deviation of auxiliary variable. Bias and mean square error of the proposed class of estimators are also derived. The conditions of efficiency comparison are also obtained. Simulation and different secondary data sets are used to evaluate the efficiency of proposed class of variance estimators over existing class of estimators. The empirical study shows that the suggested class of estimators is more efficient the existing class of estimators for the population variance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Consumer Perception and Satisfaction of Hotel Services in Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

C. E. Amfani-Joe, Bahagu, Abdullahi, A. Osagede, Esther

Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ajarr/2018/v1i313077

Customer satisfaction with hotels is largely based upon the anticipated quality of services and perceived expectation from the hotel ratings. Customer's perception of hotel is, therefore, a derivative of value expectation for prices offered by the hotel for their services.  This study assessed the customer's perception and satisfaction of hotel services with a view to ascertaining the service quality. The research design adopted was the descriptive research design. A structured questionnaire was face validated and tested the reliability of 0.812 chronbach alpha was established through a pilot test. The questionnaire was administered to patrons of some selected hotels in Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria using qualitative and quantitative approaches. Data, one hundred and three (103), were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) IBM version 23. Frequencies and percentages were used to identify standard rating of the hostel. The principal component analysis was used to identify key variables of linear combinations which allowed for most of the variability in guests' expressed perception and satisfaction with hotel services. Findings revealed that hotel management over exaggerated the standard and quality of their hotels in the town. Customers' perception was guided by security measures available, promotional strategies and protection of guest's privacy among others. Satisfaction with determined by timelines of meals served, safety and security of guests' and properties, laundry services staff efficiency and availability of ICT devices among others. It can be recommended that hotel managers should be engaged in consistent research studies in order to improve their hotel business which may invariably have implications for prices, quality and patronage.