Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports https://journalajarr.com/index.php/AJARR <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(ISSN: 2582-3248)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJARR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of 'research'. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US contact@journalajarr.com (Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports) contact@journalajarr.com (Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports) Wed, 11 Nov 2020 04:12:49 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Acromegaly and Pregnancy: A Systematic Review Protocol https://journalajarr.com/index.php/AJARR/article/view/30338 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong>&nbsp;Although the association between acromegaly and pregnancy has been studied, recent evidence synthesis is lacking.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>To evaluate the association between acromegaly and pregnancy in terms of disease control and newborn/maternal outcomes.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong>&nbsp;We will perform a systematic review according to Joanna Briggs Institute methodology for systematic reviews of etiology and risk. We will include studies with pregnant women, over 18 years old, diagnosed with acromegaly before or during the first trimester of pregnancy. Studies with pregnancy before acromegaly diagnosis will be excluded. We will consider cohort and case-control studies, and case series (at least 3 participants). Maternal primary outcomes will be acromegaly control, preterm birth, presence of diabetes, hypertension and/or eclampsia, and frequency of abortion. Newborn primary outcomes will be perinatal mortality and low birthweight. General and adaptive search strategies have been created for the Embase, Medline, LILACS, and CENTRAL databases. Two independent reviewers will assess eligibility of the studies, extract data, and evaluate their risk of bias. For dichotomous data, effect estimates will be calculated using relative risk with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Continuous data will be expressed as means and standard deviation (SD) for each study, and the mean difference will be calculated with respective 95% CIs. For non-controlled studies, maternal outcomes will be compared pre- and postpartum, and for abortion frequency and newborn outcomes, we will perform proportional meta-analysis. <strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>: </strong>We hope that the results of this review can help the management of pregnant women with acromegaly.</p> Diego Barata Bandeira, Thaina Oliveira Felicio Olivatti, Fernanda Bolfi, Cesar Luiz Boguszewski, Vania dos Santos Nunes- Nogueira ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalajarr.com/index.php/AJARR/article/view/30338 Sat, 21 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Angular Photometric Analysis of the Forehead in a Nigerian Population https://journalajarr.com/index.php/AJARR/article/view/30336 <p>Facial data are used to ascertain deviations from norm, biological variability, assess phenotypic traits, precise determination of facial aesthetics, design of safety equipment, correctional tools, evolutionary analysis, civil and criminal identification purposes. This study was designed to analyze the morphometric dimensions of forehead from photographs taken at varying angles.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>Two-hundred Yoruba subjects (10-30 years) were photographed and the following anthropometric parameters; 90° (FH90°), forehead height at 45°Right (FH45°R), forehead height at 45°Left (FH45°L), forehead width at 90° (FW90°), forehead width at 45°right (FW45°R) and forehead width at 45°left (FW45°L) was measured. Descriptive analysis of the forehead parameters was carried out and the relationships between different parameters were tested using Pearson correlation.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>All measured forehead parameters in our cohort were greater in males than in females except FW45°R and FH45°R. Significant relationship was also found to exist between forehead parameters at different angles.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Findings from this study indicates that forehead parameters at 90°, 45° Right and 45° Left, showed sexual dimorphism and are correlated hence can be used for individualization, biological profiling, facial recognition from security cameras, planning of reconstructive and aesthetic surgery.</p> Onyinye Mary Ozioko, Uche Sebastine Ozioko, Ignatius Ikemefuna Ozor, Ifeanacho Ezeteonu Abireh, Okeke Emmanuel Ikechukwu, Adaeze Hope Anike ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalajarr.com/index.php/AJARR/article/view/30336 Wed, 11 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Constraints in Adoption of Animal Husbandry Practices in Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh, India https://journalajarr.com/index.php/AJARR/article/view/30337 <p>The present study was carried out to find out the constraints in implementation of improved dairy related activities among the dairy farmers in adopted villages who have been receiving regular guidance and technical support from KVK, Banavasi, Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh. A total of 120 farmers from 3 mandals were selected using simple random sampling method and a series of questions covering aspects like breeding, feeding, health care and clean milk production were administered and constraints were recorded and categorised. The beneficiaries perceived "non-availability of green fodder throughout the year" (81.66%) and "A.I. centre not/distantly located" (64%) as the most serious infrastructural constraints. "Cost of rearing crossbred cows is very high" (89.66%) and "excess workload" (84%) as the main constraints of socio psychological nature encountered by the beneficiaries.</p> A. Lavanya, G. Prasad Babu ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalajarr.com/index.php/AJARR/article/view/30337 Tue, 17 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Dominant Factors Affecting Employee’s Performance a Case Study at PT Bintai Kindenko Engineering Indonesia https://journalajarr.com/index.php/AJARR/article/view/30340 <p><sub></sub></p> <p>The general situation of national domestic business is not encouraging. More specifically, the number of Construction Service Companies engaged in the Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing (MEP) field in Indonesia is increasing. In order to make all companies compete competitively, companies need effective human resources (HR) on MEP project on the meaning of effective HR is that have Knowledge, Skills and Attitude. One of the ways companies can achieve improved workforce performance is by applying disciplinary attitudes in accordance with applicable regulations. And must be supported by having a competent workforce. Leaders as managers in a project must be able to create a comfortable working atmosphere and conditions for their staff to have good performance. Leadership factors may effect the success or failure of an agency. The purpose of this research is to identify the dominant factors that affect labor performance in the MEP project conducted at PT Bintai Kindenko Engineering Indonesia. Data analysis with help of smartPLS 3.0 software. The results are that the discipline and leadership hasn't an affecting on workforce performance improvement, competency variables have an affecting on workforce performance improvement. And together the variables of discipline, competence, and leadership have an affecting on workforce performance improvement. The most affecting factor is the competency variable, with an affecting coefficient of 0.627 on performance.</p> Ade Saputra, . Kholil, Toto Hardiyanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalajarr.com/index.php/AJARR/article/view/30340 Thu, 26 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Role of Tax Revenue, Non-tax Revenue, and Foreign Aid to Increase the Size of Budget in Nepal https://journalajarr.com/index.php/AJARR/article/view/30341 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The purpose of the present study is to find the impact of tax revenue, non-tax revenue, and foreign aid to increase the size of the budget in Nepal.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This study is based on descriptive, analytical, and exploratory research designs. The Johnsen Co-integration Test, VECM, Wald Test, and Granger Causality Test are used to find long-run relation, impact, short-run causality, and granger cause between the pairs of variables.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The tax revenue, non-tax revenue, foreign aid, and budget are co-integrated, or they have a long-run association ship. The result of VECM shows that tax revenue, non-tax revenue, foreign aid is nicely fitted, and they are jointly significant to explain the size of the budget in Nepal. Short-run causality was found between the size of budget and tax revenue and size of budget and foreign aid, but there was an absence of short-run causality between budget and non-tax revenue in Nepal. The granger cause was not found between the pair of variables.</p> <p><strong>Implications:</strong> It seems to increase the tax revenue and decrease the dependency on foreign aid.</p> <p><strong>Limitations</strong>: This study was based on the secondary data of 40 years from the fiscal year 1979/80 to 2018/19.&nbsp; Only three variables, tax revenue, non-tax revenue, and foreign aid, are considered the effecting factor of the budget size. Hence, further study is necessary by employing other tools and variables.</p> <p><strong>Originality:</strong> The author was not affected by the study and findings of others.</p> Arjun Kumar Dahal, Ghanshyam Dhakal, Khagendra Kumar Thapa ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalajarr.com/index.php/AJARR/article/view/30341 Fri, 04 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000