Antimicrobial Effect of Additive Silver Nanoparticles to Paints for Reducing the Risk of Cross-Contamination

Main Article Content

Rawia Mansour
Ali Mohamed Elshafei

Abstract

Paints are mainly used to protect metal structures from rusting and object from adverse effects of weather and sun, in addition to decoration. Most paints are either oil-based or water-based and both have distinct advantages. It can be applied as a solid, a gaseous suspension (aerosol) or a liquid. The increasing demand for new antimicrobial paints is rising recently due to the important need to avoid the spreading of infections mainly caused by harmful microorganisms. The antimicrobial additive can be defined as the additive compound that can resist or prevents the growth of harmful microbes. In this connection, a number of critical factors should be considered in selecting the additive antimicrobials to paints. These factors include safe from adverse impacts on human health and environment, antimicrobial efficiency, achieve a broad spectrum of microbial control, low percentage of the antimicrobial additive, ease of handling, fast and long-acting, migration capability, chemical stability, cost-effective and maintaining the properties of the product and its components. In the case of edible coatings which provide a unique opportunity to control microbial and oxidative changes in human ready-to-use food products, suitable safe materials and active agents for different cases should be applied. To make the traditional paints resistant to pathogenic microorganisms, it is of importance to include several antimicrobial additives, such as silver and zinc ions during the manufacturing process. Silver is a widely used technology in the world, especially in its nano-particle form due to its suitability for deployment in a broad range of materials and applications and its broad spectrum performance. This durable treatment will provide to a large extent effective protection against harmful fungi, bacteria, viruses and consequently helping to minimize staining and material degradation on any surface it is applied to. These antimicrobial paints (APs) can be used in places that harbor pathogenic microorganisms such as hospitals, schools, care homes, kitchen areas, dental and veterinary practices and food production factories. In these places, APs can be applied to contact surfaces within these environments, such as door handles, light switches, flooring, elevator buttons, and bathroom in order to reduce the risk of cross-contamination.

Keywords:
Antimicrobial activity, silver nanoparticles, biofilm, transmission electron microscopy, target site, silver ions.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mansour, R., & Elshafei, A. M. (2021). Antimicrobial Effect of Additive Silver Nanoparticles to Paints for Reducing the Risk of Cross-Contamination. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 15(2), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2021/v15i230362
Section
Review Article

References

Mendoza RA, Hsieh JC, Galiano RD The impact of biofilm formation on wound healing medicine; 2019.
DOI: 10.5772/INTECHOPEN.85020
Published: May 13th 2019.

Donlan RM. Biofilms: Microbial life on surfaces. Perspective. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2002;8(9):881-890.

Dileep P, Jacob S, Narayanankutty SK. Functionalized nanosilica as an antimicrobial additive for waterborne paints. Progress in organic coatings. 2020;142;105574.

Zuniga JM, Cortes A. The role of additive manufacturing and antimicrobial polymers in the COVID-19 pandemic. Expert Review of Medical Devices. 2020;17(6).
DOI: 10.1080/17434440.2020.1756771

Neophytou N, Vargiamidis V, Foster S, Graziosi P, Oliveira LS, Chakraborty D. Hierarchically nanostructured thermoelectric materials: Challenges and opportunities for improved power factors. The European Physical Journal. 2020;93:213.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1140/epjb/e2020-10455-0

Fiori JJ, Silva LL, Picolli KC, Ternus R, Decalton F, Mello JMM. Zinc oxide nanoparticles as antimicrobial additive for acrylic paint. Materiasls Science Forum. 2017;899:248-53.

Song HY, Ko KK, Oh IH, Lee BT. Fabrication of silver nanoparticles and their antimicrobial mechanisms. European Cells and Materials. 2006;11:58.

Jung WK, Koo HC, Kim KW, Shin S, Kim SH, Park YH. Antibacterial activity and mechanism action of the silver ion in Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2008;74(7):2171-2178.

Shrivastava S, Bera T, Roy A, Singh G, Ramachandrarao P, Dash D. Characterization of enhanced antibacterial effects of novel silver nanoparti-cles. Nanotechnology. 2007;18:225103-22512.

Krutyakov YA, Kudrinskiy AA, Olenin AY, Lisichkin GV. Synthesis and properties of silver nanoparticles: Advances and prospects. Chemical Reviews. 2008;77(3):233-257.

Raffi M, Hussain F, Bhatti TM, Akhter JI, Hameed A, Hasan MM. Antibacterial characterization of silver nanoparticles against E. coli ATCC-15224. Journal of Materials Sciences and Technology. 2008;24(2):192-6.

Kumar A, Vemula PK, Ajayan PM, John G. Silver-nanoparticle-em-bedded antimicrobial paints based on vegetable oil. Nature Materials. 2008;7:236-241.
DOI:10.1038/nmat2099

Furno F, Morley KS, Wong B, Sharp BL, Arnold PL, Howdle SM. Silver nanoparticles and poly-meric medical devices: A new approach to prevention of infection. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2004;54(6):1019-1024.

Perelshtein I, Applerot G, Perkas N, Guibert G, Mikheilov S, Gedanken A. Sonochemical coating of silver nanoparticles on textile fabrics (nylon, polyester, cotton) and their antibacterial activity. Nanotechnology. 2008;19:245705-245711.

Elchiguerra JL, Burt JL, Morones JR, Bragado AC, Gao X, Lara HH. Interaction of silver nanoparticles with HIV-1. J Nanobiotechnol. 2005;3:3-6.

Liau SY, Read DC, Pugh WJ, Furr JR, Russell AD. Interaction of silver nitrate with readily identifiable groups: Relationship to the antibacterial action of silver ions. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 1997;25 (4):279-283.

Gupta A, Maynes M, Silver S. Effects of halides on plasmid-mediated silver resistance in Escherichia coli. Applied and Environmental Microbio-logy. 1998;64(12):5042-5045.

Dibrov P, Dzioba J, Gosink KK, Hase CC. Chemiosmotic mechanism of antimicrobial activity of Ag+ in Vibrio cholera. Antimicrobial agents and Chemotherapy. 2002;46(8):2668-70.

Yakabe Y, Sano T, Ushio H, Yasunaga T. Kinetic studies of the interaction between silver ion and deoxy-ribonucleic acid. Chemistry Letters. 1980;9(4):373-6.

Yamanaka M, Hara K, Kudo J. Bacterial actions of a silver ion solution of Escherichia coli, studied by energy-filtering transmission electron microscopy and proteomic analysis. Applied Environmental Microbiology. 2005;71(11):7589-93.

McDonnel G, Russell AD. Antiseptic and disinfectants: Activity, action and resistance. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 1999;12(1):147-79.

Feng QL, Wu J, Chen GQ, Cui FZ, Kin TN, Kim TO. A mechanistic study of the antibacterial effect of siver ions on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 2000;52(4):662-668.

Sondi I, Salopek-Sondi B. Silver nanoparticles as antimicrobial agent: a case study on E. coli as a model for Gram-negative bacteria. Journal of Colloides and Interface Science 2004;275(1):177-82.

Morones JR, Elechiguerra JL, Camacho A, Holt K, Kouri JB, Ramirez JT. The bactericidal effect of silver nanoparticles. Nanotechnology. 2005;16:2346–2353.

Lok CN, Ho CM, Chen R, He QY, Yu WY, Sun H. Silver nanoparticles; partial oxidation and antibacterial activities. Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry. 2007;12(4):527-34.

Pal S, Tak YK, Song JM. Does the antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles depend on the shape of the nanoparticle? A study of the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli. Applied Environmental Microbiology. 2007;73(6):1712-20.

Fernandez EJ, Barrasa JG, Laguna A, Luzuriaga JML, Monge M, Torres C. The preparation of highly active antimicrobial silver nanoparticles by an organometallic approach. Nanotechnology 2008;19: 185602-185608.

Hwang ET, Lee JH, Chae YJ, Kim YS, Kim BC, Sang BI. Analysis of the toxic mode of action of silver nanoparticles using stress-specific bioluminescent bacteria. Small. 2008;4(6):746-750.

Panacek A, Kvitek L, Prucek R, Kolar M, Vecerova R, Pizurova N. Silver colloid nanoparticles; synthesis, characterization and their antibacterial activity. Journal of Physical Chemistry. 2006;B110(33):16248-53.

Paula MMDS, Franco CV, Baldin MC, Rogrigues L, Barichello T, Savi GD. Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity studies of poly- {styrene-acrylic acid} with silver nanoparticles. Materials Science and Engineering. 2009; C29(2):647-50.

Amro NA, Kotra LP, Mesthrige KW, Bulychev A, Mobashery S, Liu GY. High-resolution atomic force microscopy studies of the Escherichia coli outer membrane: Structural basis for permeability. Langmuir. 2000;16(6):2789- 96.

Stoimenov P, Klinger R, Marchin GL, Klabunde KJ. Metal oxide nanoparticles as bacterial agents. Langmuir. 2002;18(17):6679-6686.

Carbiscol E, Tamarit J, Ros J. Oxidative stress in bacteria and protein damage by reactive oxygen species. International Microbiology. 2000;3(1):3-8.

Stadman ER. Metal ion- catalyzed oxidation of proteins: Biochemical mechanism and biological consequences. Free radical Biology and Medicine. 1990;9(4):315-25.

Othman AM, Elsayed MA, Al-Balakocy NG, Hassan MM, Elshafei AM. Biosynthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles induced by fungal proteins and its application in different biological activities. Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. 2019;17:8;1-13. Available:https://doi.org/10.1186/s43141-019-0008-1.

Elsayed MA, Othman AM, Hassan MM, Elshafei AM. Optimization of silver nanoparticles biosynthesis mediated by Aspergillus niger NRC1731 through application of statistical methods: Enhancement and characterization. 3 Biotech. 2018;8:1-10.

Ahmed DS, Mohammed TH, Risan MH, Najim LH, Mohammed SA, Yusop RM. Green synthesis of Silver nanoparticles by plants extract. International Journal of Chemical and Process Engineering Research. 2019;6(1):1-6;ISSN(e):2313-0776;ISSN(p):2313-2558.
DOI: 10.18488/journal.65.2019.61.1.6

Ana-Alexandra S, Nuta A, Ion RM, Bunghez R. Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using plant extracts. Chemical Sciences; The 4th International Virtual Conference on Advanced Scientific Results. 2016;216:6-10.
www.scieconf.comChemical scienceseISSN: 1339-9071, cd ;ISSN: 1339-356110.18638/scieconf.2016.4.1.386- 188 -ISBN: 978- 80-554-1234-4.

Wenhao Zhou, Zhaojun Jia, Pan Xiong, Jianglong Yan, Yangyang Li, Ming Li. Bioinspired and biomimetic AgNPs/gentamicin-embedded silk fibroin coatings for robust antibacterial and osteogenetic applications. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 2017;9(31):25830-25846.
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b06757

Perelshtein I, Applerot G, Perkas N, Guibert G, Mikheilov S, Gedanken A. Sonochemical coating of silver nanoparticles on textile fabrics (nylon, polyester, cotton) and their antibacterial activity. Nanotechnology. 2008;19:245705-245711.

Maneerung T, Tokura S, Rujiravanit R. Impregnation of silver nanoparticles into bacterial cellulose for antimicrobial wound dressing. Carbohydrate Polymers. 2008;72(1):43-51.

Yoon KY, Byeon JH, Park JH, Hwang J. Susceptibility constants of Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis to silver and copper nanoparticles. Science of the Total Environment. 2007;373(2-3): 572- 5.

Castanon GAM, Martinez NN, Gutierrez FM, Mendosa JRM, Ruiz F. Synthesis and antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticles with different sizes. Journal of Nanoparticles Research. 2008;10:1343-1348.

Kumar R and H. Munstedt H. Polyamide/Silver Antimicrobials: Effect of Crystallinity on the Silver Ion Release. Polymer International 2005; 54 (88):1180-1186.
DOI:10.1002/pi.1828

Dowling DP, Betts AJ, Pope C, McConnel ML, Eloy R, Arnaud MN. Anti- bacterial silver coatings exhibiting enhanced activity through the addition of platinum. Surf. Coat. Technol. 2003;163:637–40.

Hendry AT, Stewart IO. Silver resistant enterobacteriaceae from hospital patients. Canadian Journal of Microbiology. 1979; 25(8):915-921.

McHugh GL, Moellering RC, Hopkins CC, Swartz MN. Salmonella typhimurium resistant to silver nitrate, chloramphenicol and ampicillin. Lancet. 1975;7901: 235-40.

Anderson CB. Bacterial resistance to silver (nano or otherwise). Environmental Defense fund; 2008.
Available:http://blogs-edf-org/nanotechnology/2008/04/29/bacterial-resistance-to-silver-nano-or otherwise/.S