Assessment of Job Behavior of Agricultural Extension Workers: A Case Study of SAFE Programme Beneficiaries in North-Western Nigeria

Main Article Content

S. Hamisu
S. Umar
O. Oladosu, Isma’il
Ayuba, Gona


The study assessed job behavior of SAFE programme beneficiaries in North-Western Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was adopted in selecting 73 SAFE beneficiaries’ employers (sample sizes).Primary data was collected using a structured questionnaire and all the administered questionnaires were returned and found useful for the study. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (paired sample t-test). The study reveals that SAFE beneficiaries’ have rated high in job behavior indicators as a result of SAFE programme (such as desired for new knowledge, explicitness, foresightedness, sympathetic attitude, service attitude, attractive personality, enthusiasm and honesty). The study further confirmed significant differences on job behavioral change of SAFE beneficiaries’ before and after SAFE participation using paired sample t-test. The study concludes that SAFE programme had positively influenced job behavioral change of the agricultural extension workers. In line with this finding, the study recommends that the SAFE programme curriculabe adopted into the conventional or traditional agricultural degree programme across the Nigerian Universities.

Job behavior, extension workers, SAFE programme, North-west, Nigeria

Article Details

How to Cite
Hamisu, S., Umar, S., Oladosu, Isma’il, O., & Gona, A. (2020). Assessment of Job Behavior of Agricultural Extension Workers: A Case Study of SAFE Programme Beneficiaries in North-Western Nigeria. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 10(2), 1-7.
Original Research Article


Jasmin A, Asmuni A, Ismail A. Roles of extension agents towards agricultural practice in Malaysia. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engeering & Information Technology. 2013;3(1):59-63.

Okoedo O, Edobo E. Identification of communication needs of extension agents in Ondo State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 2013; 4(1):1-6.

Hoffmann V. Governmental extension services, their generic problems & potential solutions. International Conference proceedings. Nairobi, Kenya. 2014;15- 18.

Seevers B, Graham D, Conklin N. Education through cooperative extension (2nd Ed.). Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University; 2007.

Leagans JP. Extension programme building. In: Extension education in community development. New Delhi: Ministry of Food and Agriculture;1961.

Jitendra C. Communication and Extension Management. Anjali Prakashan. 2007; 8(1):I-2.

Prochaska JO. How do people change, and how can we change to help more people? In Hubble MA, Duncan BL, & Miller SD. The heart and soul of change: What works in therapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 1999; 227–255.

Donye A, Ja'afar-Furo M, Obinne C. Improving smallholders farmers and extension in Nigeria: The Sasakawa Africa Fund for Extension Education Strategy. Agriculture & Biology Journal of North America. 2013;21(51):75-85.

Sasakawa Africa fund for Extension Education (SAFE). Feeding the Future. Newsletters Sasakawa Africa Association, Nigeria; 2015.

Deola N. Thematic 4 Sasakawa Africa Fund for Extension Education (SAFE). Annual Report, Newsletters; 2012.

Swanson BE. Global review of good Agricultural extension & advisory service practices. Rome. Italy: Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO); 2008.

Mutimba J, Mangheni M, Matsiko F. The shift from public to private contract Agricultural Extension System: Educational implications of policy reforms in Uganda. In M. Mangheni (Ed.), experiences, innovations and issues in agricultural extension in Uganda: Lesson and prospects. (pp. 87-104). Kampala, Uganda: Fountain Publishers; 2007.

Davis K. Extension in sub-Sahara Africa: (eds.) knowledge generation and technical change: Overview and assessment of past and current institutional innovation in agriculture. Journal of international Agricultural and Extension Education. 2008;15(3):15-28.

Assa K. Assessment of Sasakawa Africa fund for extension education training programme in Mali: Graduates' perceptions of the training impact as well as opportunities and constraints related to Supervised Enterprise Projects. PhD Thesis; 2013.

Tunji A, Johnson E. A case study of the Sasakawa Africa Fund for Extension Education Programme at Ahmadu Bello & Bayero Universities, Nigeria. A Report by SAFE, Nigeria; 2013.

Ja'afar-Furo M, Neils J, Mojaba D, Sulaiman A, Shall J. Training needs assessment of mid-Career agricultural extension officers: Evidences from Sasakawa Africa Fund for Extension Education intervention in North-east Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension & Rural Development. 2012;4(18):471-177.

Suleiman A. Performance of Supervised Enterprised Projects (SEPs) Conducted by Sasakawa Africa Fund for Extension Education Students' of Bayero University, Kano (BUK). M.Sc. Dissertation, Faculty of Agriculture, BUK, Department of Agricultural Economics & Extension; 2012.

Maguire C. Agricultural education and training to support agricultural innovation system. In Agricultural innovation systems: An investment source book. Washington, DC: World Bank; 2012.

Belay K, Ferdu A. Case study of Sasakawa Africa Fund for Extension Education (SAFE) Program at Haramaya University, Ethiopia. Safe; 2008.

Samuel N, Thomas B. Assessment of Sasakawa Africa Fund for Extension Education (SAFE) Programme in Ghana. Journal of International Agriculture & Extension Education. 2007;14(10):1-10.

Festus A, Ismail B. A case study of Sasakawa Africa fund for extension education programme in Ghana. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Safe; 2007.

Kabutha C. Impacts of women graduates of B.Sc training Agricultural Extension Programme for Mid-Career Professionals- Haramaya University, Ethiopia. Workshop Report, Ethiopia, Addis Ababa; 2007.