Evaluating the Effect of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) Leaf Supplemented Feed on the Growth and Carcass Quality of Broilers in Calabar

Main Article Content

N. E. Edu
P. B. Ekpo
A. J. Umoyen
T. L. Thomas
M. O. Akpan
E. A. Leo
I. E. Job


Background: Rapid population growth of human and livestock create increasing demands for food, nutrition security in developing countries and therefore alternative feed resources must be identified and evaluated. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of Moringa oleifera leaf meal (MOLM) on supplemented feed on the growth and carcass quality of broilers in Calabar.

Methodology: Fresh leaves of Moringa oleifera were bought and collected from Calabar, Nigeria. The leaves were dried for four days and milled. A total of 40 broiler chicks that 48 day-olds, unsexed (rose 308) were sourced from a reputable poultry farm in Calabar. The broiler chicks were randomly allotted to four treatment groups (A, B, C and D). 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% of MOLM were incorporated into the broiler feed which constituted the four treatment groups. Each group was replicated ten times at 10 birds per replicate. The following parameters were taken including feed intake, weight gain, feed conversion ratio, mortality rate and carcass quality. Data were subjected to statistical analysis.

Results: The diet supplemented with 5% of MOLM showed significantly high body weight and followed by 10% of MOLM. Feed intake values were significantly (p<0.05) different across the treatment groups. The weight gain (WG) was statistically similar for group B and C but significantly (p<0.05) different in group D; with birds fed with 10% MOLM based diet having the highest WG. The feed conversion ratio of the birds were not significantly (p>0.05) different in group B and C, but differed significantly (P<0.05) in group D when compared with the control in group A. Carcass characteristics showed higher values of dressing percentage in birds fed supplemented with 10% MOLM (group C). The levels of MOLM were not significantly different in terms of liver weight, heart weight, kidney weight and abdominal fat.

Conclusion: Overall, the best significant improvement in the response indices were obtained in birds fed 10% MOLM, while there was a reduced performance of birds feed with 15% MOLM.

Moringa oleifera, growth, carcass quality, broilers, Calabar.

Article Details

How to Cite
Edu, N. E., Ekpo, P. B., Umoyen, A. J., Thomas, T. L., Akpan, M. O., Leo, E. A., & Job, I. E. (2019). Evaluating the Effect of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) Leaf Supplemented Feed on the Growth and Carcass Quality of Broilers in Calabar. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 7(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2019/v7i130162
Original Research Article


Olugbemi TS, Mutayoba SK, Lekule FP. Evaluation of Moringa oleifera leaf meal inclusion in cassava chip-based diets fed to laying birds. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2010;22(118).

Dieye PN, Missohou NA, Faye A. L’aviculture familiale: Un levier pouraméliorer les revenus des éleveurspauvres au Sud du Sénégal. In: Faye B, Duteurtre G., editors. L’élevage, richesse des pauvres. Paris: Editions Quae. 2010;191-201.

Emam AA, Hassan AM. Economics of egg poultry production in Khartoum State with emphasis on the open-system-Sudan. African Journal of Agriculture and Research. 2010;5:2491-2496.

Mengesha M. Climate change and the preference of rearing poultry for the demands of protein foods. Asian Journal of Poultry Science. 2011;5:135-143.

Lahlou M. The success of the natural product in drug discovery. Pharmacology and Pharmacy. 2013;4:17-31.

Newman DJ, Cragg GM. Natural products as sources of new Drugs over the 30 years from 1981 to 2010. Journal of Nat. Prod. 2012;75:311-335.

Wilson RM, Danishefsky SJ. Small molecule natural product in the discovery of the therapeutic agents: The synthesis connection. Journal Org. Chem. 2006;71: 8329-8351.

John CM, Kenaleone G. Potential use of Moringa oleifera in poultry diets. Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research. 2014;2(2):109-115.

Tijani LA, Akanji AM, Agbalaya K1, Onigemo M1. Effects of Moringa oleifera Leaf Meal on Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Carcass Quality of Broiler Chickens. Applied Tropical Agriculture. 2016;21(1):46-53.

Alabi OJ, Malik AD, Ng’ambi JW, Obaje P, Ojo BK. Effect of Aqueous Moringa Oleifera (Lam) Leaf Extracts on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Hubbard Broiler Chicken. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science. 2017;19(2): 273-280.


Ochi EB, Elbushra ME, Fatur M, Abubakr OI, Hafiz A. Effect of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam) Seeds on the Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens. Journal of Natural Sciences Research. 2015;5(8):66-74.

Onunkwo DN, George OS. Effects of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Meal on the Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Birds. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 2015; 8(3):63-66.

Bosch CH. Moringa oleifera Lam. In: Grubbean J. H, Denton OA. (Eds). Prota (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa/resources vegetables de l’Afrique tropicale). Wageningen, Netherlands; 2004.

Orwa C, Mutua A, Kindt R, Jaamnadass R, Anthony S. Agroforestry database: A tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. World Agroforestry Center Kenya; 2009.

Siddhuraju P, Becker K. Anti-oxidant properties of various solvent extracts of total phenolic constituents from three different agro-climatic origins of drumstick tree (Moringa oleifera Lam.). J. Agri. Food Chem. 2003;15:2144-2155.

Anhwange BA, Ajibola VO, Oniye SJ. Chemical studies of seeds of Moringa Oleifera and Detarium microcarpum seeds. Journal of Biological Sciences Asia. 2004;4(6):711-715.

Dahot MU. Vitamin contents of flowers and seeds of Moringa oleifera. Pakistan Journal of Biochemistry.1988;21:21-24.

Abbas TE. The use of Moringa oleifera seeds in poultry diet. Turkish Journal of Veterinary Science, 2013;37:492-496.

Ghasi S, Nwobodo E, Ofili JO. Hypocholesterolemic effects of crude extract of leaf of Moringa oleifera Lam in high-fat diet fed Wister rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 1999;69:21-25.

Khalafalla MM, Dafalla HM, Nassrallah A, Aboul-Enein KM, El-Shemy HA, Abdellatef E. Dedifferentiation of leaf explants and antileukemia activity of an ethanolic extract of cell cultures of Moringa oleifera. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2011;10(14): 2746-2750.

NRC. National Research Council. Nutrient requirements of domestic animals. Nutrient requirements of poultry, 9th revised Edition, National Academy Press. Washington, DC., USA; 1994.

Steel RG, Torrie JH. Principles and procedures of statistics: A biometrical approach (2nd ed). NY USA: McGraw Hill Book Company Inc; 1986.

Little TM, Hills FJ. Agricultural experimentation: Design and analysis. Washington DC: Academic Press; 1978.

Reddy NR, Sathe SK, Salunkhe DK. Phytatesin legumes and cereals. Advance Food Research. 1982;28:1-92.

Thompson LU. Potential health benefits and problems associated with anti-nutrients with foods. Food Research International Journal. 1993;26:131-149.

Walter A, Samuel W, Peter A, Joseph O. Antibacterial activity of Moringa oleifera and Moringa stenopetala methanol and n-hexane seed extracts on bacteria implicated in water borne diseases. African Journal of Microbiology Research. 2011; 5(2):153-157.

Compaoré WR, Nikièma PA, Bassolé HIN, Savadogo A, Mouecoucou J, Hounhouigan DJ, Traoré SA. Chemical composition and antioxidative properties of seeds of Moringa oleifera and pulps of Parkia biglobosa and Adansonia digitata commonly used in food fortification in Burkina Faso. Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences. 2011;3(1):64- 72.

Zanu HK, Asiedu P, Tampuori M, Abada M, Asante I. Possibilities of using Moringa (Moringa oleifera) leaf meal as a partial substitute fish meal in broiler chickens. Journal of Animal Feed Research. 2012; 2:70- 75.

Nuhu F. Effect of Moringa leaf meal (MOLM) on nutrient digestibility, growth, carcass and blood indices of weaner rabbits. Msc. Thesis. Animal Science Department of the Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Kwame; 2007.