Main Article Content
This research shows the effect of charcoal and NPK fertilizer on the growth of two pepper (Capsicum annum L) Varieties. The treatment levels were: control (no treatment), charcoal (2 tons ha-1), NPK 15:15:15(150 kg ha-1) and charcoal and NPK combination. The experimental plots were 32 in total with 1.5 squares meter each and treatments were replicated 2 times in each block with 4 blocks in total. The Factorial Design was conducted and fitted with Complete Randomized Block Design Method to assigned plots with treatments and pepper varieties. The growth parameters considered were: plant height, number of leaves, number of branches, leaves length, leaves width and plant diameter. The data analyzed indicated that Local pepper performed better than Jalapeno pepper for all treatments. For plant height charcoal plots performed better than control with these means 28 cm, 64 cm and 72 cm for date 1, 2, and 3 respectively (Date 1, 2 and 3 as 30, 60 and 90 days after transplanting respectively). The Local pepper performed better than Jalapeno in growth with these plant height means 31 cm, 86 cm, and 96 cm for date 1, 2, and 3 respectively. Bigger stem diameters were recorded for the Local pepper and even wider leaf. The Local pepper performed better than the Jalapeno pepper at all levels of growth. The combination of charcoal and NPK had the best growth results over all the treatments.
Thanuji TV. Induction of rooting and root growth in black pepper cuttings (Piper nigrum L.) with the inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhizae. Scientia Horticulturae. 2002;92(4):339-346.
Azcon-Aguilar C, Jaizme-Vega MC, Calvet C. The contribution of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for bioremediation. Mycorrhizal Technology in Agriculture, Berlin; 2002.
Heerink N. Soil fertility decline and economic policy reform in Sub-Sahara Africa. Land Use Policy. 2005;22(1):67-74.
Opala PA, Okalebo JR, Othieno CO, Kisinjo P. Effect of organic and inorganic phosphorus sources on maize yields in an acidic soil in western Kenya. Department of Soil Science, Moi University, Kenya; 2009.
Vantsis JT, Bond G. Effect of charcoal on the growth of leguminous plants in sand culture. An International Journal of Annals of Applied Biology. 1950;37(2):159-168.
Kumar A, Yavad DS. Long-term effects of fertilizers on the soil fertility and productivity of a rice-wheat system. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 2008;186(1):47-54.
Omotoso S, Shitu O. Effect of NPK fertilizer rates and method of application on the growth and yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L) Moench) at Ado-Ekitis Southwestern. International Journal of Agricultural Research. 2007;2(7):614-619.
McCormack SA, Ostle N, Bardgett RD, Hopkins DW, Vanbergen AJ. Biochar in bioenergy cropping systems: Impacts on soil faunal communities and linked ecosystem processes. Global Change Biology. 2013;5(2):81-95.
Wanjari RH, Singh MV, Ghosh PK. Sustainable yield index: An approach to evaluate the sustainability of long-term intensive cropping in India. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. 2008;24(4):39-54.
Al-Kaisi MM, Grote JB. Cropping system effects on improving soil carbon stocks of exposed subsoil. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 2007;71(4):1381-1389.