Effect of Salinity Stress on Different Root and Shoot Traits of Selected Tomato Cultivars

Main Article Content

Md. Omar Kayess
Md. Lutfar Rahman
Kawsar Ahmed
Md. Riad Khan
Md. Sahadat Hossan
M. S. Hossain
Mst. Mortuza Khanam
Dhanesh Chandra Pal

Abstract

An in-vitro test was conducted at the laboratory of the Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh to screen out the tomato genotypes were screened for salt tolerance during germination. The test was conducted in the Completely Randomized Design (CRD) utilizing three replications. Ten tomato genotypes specifically BARI Tomato-2, BARI Tomato-3, BARI Tomato-5, BARI Tomato-11, BARI Tomato-14, BARI Tomato-16, Mintoo, Unnoyon, Mintoo Super and Sawsan were germinated on sand bed watered with five levels of salinity treatment i.e. 0, 4,8,12 and 16 dSm-1. The test was laid out in completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications. The days to 50% germination was maximum in Unnoyon genotype in all the treatments [1]. BARI Tomato-3 showed the minimum value in most of the cases. Root and shoot parameters like root length, shoot length, shoot fresh weight, root fresh weight, shoot dry weight, root dry weight, ratio on root and shoot fresh weight, ratio on root and shoot dry weight were the highest in BARI Tomato-2, Mintoo and Unnoyon, in contrast, the lowest performance of these traits were revealed in BARI Tomato-16 and BARI Tomato-3 at higher salinity treatment (12 and 16 dSm-1) than other genotypes in most of the cases. The overall results of the experiment exhibited BARI Tomato-2, Mintoo and Unnoyon found to be the more tolerant genotypes at higher salinity stress in respect of days to 50% germination and root and shoot characters than other genotypes.

Keywords:
Tomato, salinity, root, shoot traits.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kayess, M. O., Rahman, M. L., Ahmed, K., Khan, M. R., Hossan, M. S., Hossain, M. S., Khanam, M. M., & Chandra Pal, D. (2020). Effect of Salinity Stress on Different Root and Shoot Traits of Selected Tomato Cultivars. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 8(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2020/v8i130188
Section
Original Research Article

References

Md. Omar Kayess, Md. Hasanuzzaman, Md. Waliur Rahman, Md. Jalil Uddin, Md. Rafiqul Islam. Identification of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) genotypes for salt tolerance during emergence. International Journal of Biosciences. 2016; 9(4):297-304.

Rashid M. Sabjibiggan (In Bengali), Rashid Publishing House. Old DOHS. Dhaka. 1999;94:526.

Ahmad S, Islam MS, Haque MA. Performance of heat tolerant tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) hybrids during the rainy season. Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 2011;36(2):189-196.

Rahman MM, Hossain M, Hossain KFB, Sikder MT, Shammi M, Rasheduzzaman M, Uddin MK. Effects of NaCl-Salinity on Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Plants in a Pot Experiment. Open Agriculture. 2018;3(1):578-585.

Al-Zubaidi AHA. Effects of salinity stress on growth and yield of two varieties of eggplant under greenhouse conditions. Research on Crops. 2018;19(3):436- 440.

Ghassemi F, Jakeman AJ, Nix HA. Salinisation of land and water resources: human causes, extent, management. UNSW Press; 1995.

Zheng YY, ZhenHui G, Yan L. Studies on combining ability and genetic effects of main quality characters in cherry tomato. Journal of Northwest A & F University (Natural Science Edition). 1995;35(5):179-183.

De la Peña R, Hughes J. Improving vegetable productivity in a variable and changing climate. SAT e Journal (E Journal. icrisat. org). 2007;4(1):1–22.

F Abdelgawad K, M El-Mogy M, IA Mohamed M, Garchery C, G Stevens R. Increasing ascorbic acid content and salinity tolerance of cherry tomato plants by suppressed expression of the ascorbate oxidase gene. Agronomy. 2019;9(2):51.

Foolad MR, Lin GY. Genetic potential for salt tolerance during emergence in Lycopersicon species. Scientia Horti-culture. 1997;32:296-300.

Almansouri SH, Paleg LG, Spinall DA. Effect of water stress on growth, osmotic potential and solute accumulation in cell culture from Chilli pepper (A mesophyte) and creosote bush (A xerophyte). Plant Science. 2001;96:21-29.

Machado N, Giovannoni JJ, Jahn MM. Saravanan R. Variations in response to water deficit in the barley plant. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences. 2004;26: 65-76.

Rahneshan Z, Nasibi F, Moghadam AA. Effects of salinity stress on some growth, physiological, biochemical parameters and nutrients in two pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) rootstocks. Journal of Plant Interactions. 2018;13(1):73-82.

Cuartero J, Bolarin MC, Asins MJ. Moreno V. Increasing salt tolerance in tomato. Journal of Experimental Botany. 2006;57: 1045-1058.

Foolad MR. Recent advances in genetics of salt tolerance in tomato. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Culture. 2004;76:101–119.

SRDI (Soil Research Development Institute). Soil Resources in Bangladesh Assessment and Utilization. Dhaka; 2001.

Zafar AC. Manual for seed quality control. Seed wing, Ministry of Agriculture. Govt. of Bangladesh. Karim Printers and Packages. 2006;95-96.

Akhtar P, Hussain F. Growth performance of Vicia sativa L. under saline conditions. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 2009;41: 3075-3080.

Al-Karaki GN. Emergence, sodium, and potassium concentrations of barley seeds as influenced by salinity. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 2001;24:511-512.

Dash M, Panda SK. Salt stress induced changes in growth and enzyme activities in germinating Phaseolus mungo seeds. Biologia Plantarum. 2001;44(4):587- 589.

Munns R. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant, Cell Environ. 2002;25:239-250.

Delgado IC, Sanchez-Raya AJ. Effects of sodium chloride and mineral nutrients on initial stages of development of sunflower life. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2007; 38:2013-2027.

Oztekin GB, Tuzel Y. Comparative salinity responses among tomato genotypes and rootstocks. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 2011;43(6):2665-2672.

Hamed K. Hossein N. Mohammad F. Safieh VJ. How salinity affect emergence and emergence of tomato lines. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences. 2011;5(15):159–163.

Maggio A, Raimondi G. Martinoi A. De-Parcale S. Salt stress response in tomato beyond the salinity tolerance threshold. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 2007;59(3):276–281.

Chookhampaeng S, Pattanagul W, Theerakulpist P. Screening some tomato commercial cultivars from Thailand for salinity. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 2007;6(5):788–794.

Ali SG, Abdur R, Khan NU, Nawab K. Enhanced proline synthesis may determine resistance to salt stress in tomato cultivars. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 2011;43(6):2707-2710.

De Smet I, Vassileva V, De Rybel B. Receptor-like kinase ACR4 restricts formative cell divisions in the arabidopsis root. Science. 2008;322:594–597.

Swarup K, Benková E, Swarup R. The auxin influx carrier LAX3 promotes lateral root emergence. Nature Cell Biology. 2008;10:946-954.

Uehara T, Okushima Y, Mimura T, Tasaka M. Fukaki H. Domain II mutations in CRANE/IAA18 suppress lateral root formation and affect plumule development in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant and Cell Physiology. 2008;49:1025-1038.