Variation in Leaf Constituents and Biochemical Indices of Rats given Psidium guajava from Two Different Areas

Main Article Content

Grace Ekpo
Adindu Eze
Amadi Benjamin
Odey Michael
Ogar Ishade Sunday
Dasimeokuna Princewill

Abstract

Variation in leaf (heavy metal) constituents and biochemical indices of rats given leaf samples of Psidium guajava from two different areas were evaluated. Results obtained for heavy metal constituents the leaf samples showed the presence of mercury (0.14±0.01 mg/100 g), lead (2.90±0.10 mg/100 g), cadmium (0.05±0.01 mg/100 g), copper (5.01±0.17 mg/100 g), chromium (0.40±0.01 mg/100 g), and cobalt (5.64±0.64 mg/100 g) in P. guajava leaf sample from crude oil polluted area. Only copper (0.80±0.20 mg/100 g) was observed in P. guajava leaf sample from non-crude oil polluted area. The biochemical studies on the leaf samples were carried out using standard methods. Thirty-six rats were distributed in six subgroups with six rats each, under three main groups (I-III). Three of the subgroups were placed on P. guajava leaves from crude oil polluted area (designated Ia, IIa and IIIa) while the other three subgroups were placed on P. guajava leaves from non-crude oil polluted area (designated Ib, IIb and IIIb). The haematological parameters of rats placed on P. guajava from crude oil polluted area such as RBC, Hb, PCV, MCV, and MCH were significantly affected (p<0.05) when compared to those of rats  placed on P. guajava from non-crude oil polluted area. AST and ALT liver enzymes significantly increased in rats placed on P. guajava leaves from crude oil polluted area against rats placed on P. guajava leaves from non-crude oil pollute area. Since data obtained with animals become more severe when translated to humans, it therefore becomes pertinent for those that use medicinal plants from crude oil polluted areas to become aware of the possible effects of using such plants. This study has evaluated the variation in leaf constituents and biochemical indices of rats given leaf samples of Psidium guajava from two different areas were evaluated.

Keywords:
Biochemical studies, heavy metals, polluted areas, Psidum guajava.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ekpo, G., Eze, A., Benjamin, A., Michael, O., Sunday, O. I., & Princewill, D. (2019). Variation in Leaf Constituents and Biochemical Indices of Rats given Psidium guajava from Two Different Areas. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 7(3), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2019/v7i330177
Section
Original Research Article

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