Analysis of Physiochemical Parameters of Ground Water: A Case Study

Main Article Content

Sana Nasir
Abdul Samad
Waqar Majeed
Shahla Nargis
Uzma Ramzan
Mahnoor Ijaz


The main sources of water are rain, surface and ground water. These resources are contaminated due to human and industrial activities. Both urban and rural areas, ground water is an eminent source of drinking water. The main objective of this study was to access the quality of ground water in Faisalabad city. From twelve different colonies of the Faisalabad water samples were collected to estimate their physiochemical parameters. The physiochemical parameters such as (pH, Electrical conductivity, Total dissolve solids, Calcium, Bi-carbonates, Total Hardness and chloride) were analyzed and their values were compared with the standard values given by the WHO. In majority of the colonies some parameters were found within permissible parameters of above standard such as pH and total hardness. But in few colonies EC, TDS, Bi-carbonates and chlorides values deviated with reference to the recommended values. On the completion of data physiochemical parameters of ground water, statistical analysis was applied. Descriptive statistics was carried out to evaluate the significant different between means of samples.

Water quality, groundwater, physiochemical parameters, analysis.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nasir, S., Samad, A., Majeed, W., Nargis, S., Ramzan, U., & Ijaz, M. (2019). Analysis of Physiochemical Parameters of Ground Water: A Case Study. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 5(4), 1-7.
Original Research Article


Miller (Jr) GT. People and environment. Cengage Learning India Private limited; 2007.

Reshma S, Prakasama VR. Potability of tube wells of Mayyanad Panchayat of Kerala. Indian Journal of Environment Protection. 2007;27:1015-1018.

Jothivenkatachalam K, Nithya A, Chandra MS. Correlation analysis of drinking water quality in and around Perur block of Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu, India. Rasayan Journal of Chemistry. 2010;3: 649-654.

Babiker IS, Mohamed MAA, Hiyama T. Assessing groundwater quality using GIS. Water Resource Management. 2007;21: 699-715.

Rahmani A. Study of groundwater quality changes trend (Case study: Qaemshahr-Joybar, Mazandaran Province; 2010.

EPA. Soil screening guidance: Users guide. US Environmental Protection Agency, office of solid waste and emergency response, Washington DC, Publication. 1996;9355:4-23.

Anonymous. The News International. Water Quality Assessment; 2001.

TWAS. Safe drinking water-the need, the problem, solutions and an action plan, Third world academy of sciences, Trieste, Italy; 2002.

Rahmani GR, Chitsazan M, Zaresefat M, Kalantari N. Evaluation of groundwater quality for drinking with GQI in Ize. Desalination and Water Treatment. 2011; 60:197-211.

Macka M, Avdalovic N, Haddad PR. The migration of pollutants from the sewage treatment plant of C.M.C. ground water. Journal of Chromatography. 1994;19:187-192.

Farid M, Ali S, Shakoor MB, Azam AA, Ehsan S, Bharwana SA, Tauqeer HM, Iftikhar U. Comparative study of fresh and ground water quality of different areas of Faisalabad. International Academic Research. 2013;4:66-74.

Khurshid M. Analysis of underground water of Faisalabad city Sector-1 (Areas along Canal Rakh Branch from Manawala to Abdullah Bridge). Pakistan. Journal of Biological Sciences. 1999;2: 105-109.

Sajjad M, Rahim S. Chemical quality of ground water of Rawalpindi/Islamabad, proceedings of the 24th WEDC Conference: Sanitation and water for all. Islamabad, Pakistan; 1998.

Balakrishnan M, Antony SA, Gunasekaran S, Natarajan RK. Impact of dying industrial effluents on the ground water quality in Kancheepuram (India). Journal of Science and Technology. 2008;1:1-2.